Nigeria: Flash Floods DREF operation n° MDRNG010

Situation Report
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The International Federation’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation’s disaster response system and increases the ability of national societies to respond to disasters.

Summary: CHF 289,282 has been allocated from the International Federation’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Nigeria Red Cross Society (NRCS) in delivering immediate assistance to some 12,500 beneficiaries, conducting in-depth assessment, supporting 2011 flood preparedness programs and prepositioning of relief materials. Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.

A heavy downpour that started about 5 a.m. in the early hours of 10 July, 2011 and lasting 17 hours, led to massive flooding, particularly in the Lagos metropolis, the economic capital of country. By the 11th of July 2011, media reports showed that 20 persons had lost their lives while public infrastructure like roads, bridges and schools were damaged. Thousands of persons were affected by the floods with many rendered homeless as their houses were submerged by flood water while property, including vehicles were destroyed due to the intensity of the flood.

The Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRCS) carried out a rapid assessment of the situation in the most affected area within the Lagos Metropolis to determine the immediate needs of the affected. The assessment findings showed that the most affected population is in need of immediate food, non-food items, shelter, water and sanitation as well as health and psychosocial support. Meanwhile, cases of cholera have been reported in many states, already at 10,510 cases with 277 deaths (Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health) by 8 July.

To further scale up its humanitarian assistance to the affected communities, the NRCS —with technical support from the IFRC West Coast Regional Representation, has developed a plan of action to support 1,500 most affected households (12,500 persons) in Lagos Metropolis with NFIs, WASH items (blankets, tarpaulins, water purification items and mosquito nets, among others). In addition, the National Society is also proposing to undertake preparedness activities and also preposition materials for 1,000 households based on forecasts of the African Meteorological Centre, ACMAD. The planned intervention will be supported by the International Federation through its DREF and the deployment of national disaster response team members, whose presence is expected to enhance NRCS branch capacities in emergency relief, especially in assessment. This operation is expected to be implemented over 4 months, and will therefore be completed by end November 2011. A Final Report will be made available three months after the end of the operation (end February 2012).