Nigeria: Expanded Food Security Outcome Monitoring (EFSOM): August 2018

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Key Messages

Overall, 56 percent of households were found to be food insecure in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa in August, 2018, which marked the peak of the lean season in northeast Nigeria. Moreover, food insecurity was more pronounced for householdsin camp like situations with restrictions and limited livelihood opportunities.

Over half of households in Yobe and Adamawa have access to farmland and cultivated during this planting season except for Borno where the hostilities and military restrictions continue to limit such opportunities. Other prominent income sources for beneficiaries were handicraft, petty trading and unskilled wage labour.

Almost one in every ten beneficiary households have experienced one or more protection related issue across Borno, Yobe and Adamawa, some of which are related to transfer modalities, which calls for the need to strengthen complaints and feedback mechanism (CFM)’s and partners’ support to promptly address reported issues.

Previously, WFP had intentions to transition out of Kukawa, Mobbar, Nganzai, Magumeri Jakusko and Michika based on its June 2018 Post-Harvest Strategy. However, findings from the EFSOM, which showed limited livelihood opportunities in most of these areas, informed WFP’s decision to sustain its GFD, Nutrition and livelihood assistance, except for Jakusko LGA where beneficiaries have access to livelihood opportunities


The conflict in northeast Nigeria continues to affect lives, communities and hamper livelihoods of populations in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa (BYA), with the most adversely affected being children and women.

To alleviate the brunch of the ongoing hostilities on food security, government and humanitarian actors have been combining efforts to cater for the food needs and as well provide livelihood support in areas where feasible.

Findings from recent assessments such as the Cadre Harmonise (CH) and WFP’s Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) have showed a steady decline in the prevalence of food insecurity. Given these improvements, WFP has been keen on collaborating with government and partners to complement its ongoing humanitarian assistance (in-kind and cash) with livelihood and resilience oriented interventions in the bid to promote selfsufficiency.

Therefore, WFP conducted this EFSOM to provide detailed information on the food security situation of WFP beneficiaries while prioritizing their livelihoods, dwelling status and modality of assistance received in parallel.