The ongoing conflict in North-East Nigeria has left more than 1.8 million people displaced in almost 2,140 locations across the six most affected states in the region (Displacement Tracking Matrix – DTM - report RDXVII), with 56% of the IDP population being children and 93% of the population (1,697,549 individuals) being in three states (Borno, Adamawa and Yobe). Borno continues to host the majority of IDPs (1,439,940) followed by Adamawa (140,875) and Yobe (107,201). 37% of IDPs (667,372 displaced individuals or 127,640 households) live in 235 IDP sites (camps, collective centers and transit centers) and 1,157,949 individuals or 203,040 households in 1,905 host community sites. The month of July saw an increased pressure on IDP sites due to continued population movements recorded in LGAs such as Gwoza (1,871), Ngala (1,582), Bama (478), Dikwa (469), Kala Balge (407), Damboa (216) (DTM ETT Report #22 - #25).
The rainy season has greatly reduced access to places that are in severe need of immediate sector interventions. LGAs like Gwoza, Ngala, kaga balge, Dikwa, Damboa, and Bama among other locations have IDPS and returnees living in deteriorated shelter conditions, while emergency shelter interventions have been delayed due to lack of response capacities, security, access, land availability and logistics needed to set up appropriate sites. The influx of individuals moving back to Pulka, Bama, Ngala, Gwoza, Damboa and Damasak, imply that more reception centers and settlements space need to be constructed to accommodate IDPs in sites since the situation is not stable for people to return safely to their places of origin. Recurrent rains and storms continue to destroy large number of shelters, putting more strains on limited capacities. Due to funding constraints, the sector has reached 29.1% for shelter/NFI, however CCCM interventions scaled-up reaching 82.3% of individuals targeted through CCCM/DMS activities in 2017. Weakening reception capacity of camps in hard to reach areas and high level of congestion due to continuous influx of IDPs, pose serious threat to health by increasing the risk of disease outbreaks during the rainy season, and to the general living conditions of both new arrivals and overall IDP populations.
During the rainy season, the sector is following-up on the provision of shelter reinforcement items, NFI provisioning, and emergency shelter mitigation measures to prevent more damages while advocating-up for scaling-up the rapid response to new arrivals and improving access to LGAs such as Mafa. In July 2017, several sector partners’ projects were funded under the Nigeria Pool Fund toward this aim, with over USD 2 million to be received by partners to scale-up the shelter/NFI response within this framework. The sector continues to negotiate with relevant government authorities on increasing land availability and security presence as well as site management capacities. Continued construction of emergency and reinforced shelters were reported ongoing in Monguno (3,369), Gwoza (2,300), Ngala (1,350), Kaga (700), Konduga (500), Dikwa (323), Girei (110), Yola North (100), as of July 2017, with expected scaling-up of interventions in Dikwa in the next month and 16 new sites have been identified for site improvement activities. Since January 2017, Shelter/NFI interventions has been provided to 303,030 individuals, while 659,004 individuals are being monitored under CCCM/DMS interventions. These activities are supported by site facilitators in 94 camps, providing monitoring, gap analysis, tracking of service delivery and camp management. Additionally, 395,870 individuals were biometrically registered in 95 locations, 42% were registered in IDP sites and 58% in host communities, since January 2017. Efforts are continuously being made to improve the basic reception standards, mainstreaming of SGBV into CCCM & Shelter initiatives, quality of services provided as well shelter/NFI needs assessments and shelter response to upheld standards.