Key figures (HRP 2017)
- Population in Need: 2,300,000
- Shelter sector target population: 1,040,000
- Funding Required: $70.3 Million
- People reached by Shelter-NFI Interventions: 371,056
- DMS/CCCM sector target population: 800,000
- Funding Required: $11.6 Million
- People monitored through DMS/CCCM Interventions: 659,004
Response Highlights (2017)
- 19,145 households have received emergency shelters while 6,336 households received reinforced/transitional shelters solutions.
- 51,631 households reached through Improved, basic and complimentary NFI Kits.
- 583,197 individuals have been biometrically registered since January 2017.
- 623 households have beeen reached through rental assistance.
The ongoing conﬂict in North-East Nigeria has left more than 1.8 million people displaced in almost 2,140 locations across the six most aﬀected states in the region (Displacement Tracking Matrix – DTM report RDXVIII), with 56% of the IDP population being children. 92% of the population (1,619,662 individuals) are displaced in three states (Borno, Adama-wa and Yobe). Borno State hosts the majority of IDPs (1,373,564) while Adamawa, and Yobe hosts 139,362 and 106,736 individuals respectively. 37% of IDPs (658,841 individuals) live in 243 IDP sites (camps, collective centers and camp-like settings) and 1,098,447 individuals are in 1,933 host community locations, with the majority in host families. Unpredictable population movements and limited response capacities continue to pose a challenge to partners’ abilities to respond in a timely manner. Continued counter-insur-gency operations coupled with movements back to LGAs of origin are some drivers of mobility in sites and host communities.
High level of congestion, and lack of suitable land for new settlements in areas like Maiduguri, Gwoza, Bama, Ngala, Munguno, Dikwa and Damboa, pose severe health risk to people in camp. The diﬃcult situation is worsened by limited availability of shelter and NFI, lack of land and infrastructures, insecurity, limited funding and overstretched site management capacities. The continuous inﬂux of individuals is also a constant concern. In August alone, 4,509 new arrivals were recorded in Gwoza and 2,411 in Ngala, among other key receiving locations. Response is also delayed due to limited response capaci-ties and funding, extreme weather events and ﬂood posing access challenges and logistics issues. Considering these hindrances, sector partners only reached 37% of the annual shelter/NFI targets.
With improving funding received by partners to scale-up the shelter/NFI/CCCM response within the NHF framework, the sector is providing shelter reinforcement items, NFI stockpiling, and emergency shelter mitigation measures are made to repair shelter damages caused by storm and ﬂoods. The sector continues to advocate for improved rapid response by developing strategies for new arrivals and improved reception capaci-ties through case by case analysis. To respond to the issue of land scarcity, the sector continues to negotiate with relevant government authorities on increasing land availabil-ity and security presence as well as site management capacities. Continued construction of emergency and reinforced shelters were reported ongoing in Monguno (2,262), Gwoza (2,337), Ngala (1,350), Jere (177) Dikwa (163), Girei (110), Yola North (100), as of August 2017, with expected scaling-up of interventions with the end of the rainy season toward the end of the year.
Since January 2017, Shelter/NFI interventions have been provided to 371,056 individuals, while 659,004 individuals are being monitored under CCCM/DMS interventions, with biometric registration, capacity-building, CwC, site facilitation support and site improve-ments and maintenance. The sector has completed plans for the conduction of a detailed shelter assessment among partners to complement the shelter need analysis and support its strategic response for 2018. The sector is also ﬁnalizing the revision of the NFI kits based on PDM as well as quality standards check speciﬁcations. To improve camp management, the sector is implementing its policy on basic reception standards through the planned establishment of reception centers in key receiving areas. As the sector continues scaling-up toward more sustainable, dedicated and qualitative approaches towards dedicated camp management in priority large sites, sector partners are provid-ing site facilitation support in 92 camps in Borno and 17 camps in Adamawa, for monitor-ing, sensitization, needs/gap analysis, tracking of service delivery and support to camp governance and management. Additionally, 583,197 individuals were biometrically registered in 164 locations, 25% were registered in IDP sites and 75% in host communities, since January 2017.