Nigeria

NCDC Weekly Epidemiological Report: Volume 6, No. 41 - 21 October 2016

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Situation Report
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Weekly updates on Epidemics in Nigeria: as at 21st October 2016

Issue: Volume 6 No. 41

Lassa fever

1.**Lassa fever update for week 41 as at 21st October, 2016; (**Please note that the data reflects the routine reports i.e. all suspected cases including the laboratory positive and negative cases)
1.1. Two suspected cases of Lassa fever with 2 Lab. Confirmed and 2 deaths (100%) were from 2 LGAs (2 States; Bauchi -1 & Kaduna -1) reported in week 41, 2016 compared with zero case at the same period in 2015 (Figure 1).
1.2. The two (2) suspected cases were positive for Lassa fever.
1.3. Between weeks 1 and 41 (2016), 857 suspected Lassa fever cases with 87 lab-confirmed and 102 deaths (CFR, 11.90%) from 138 LGAs (28 States) were reported compared with 228 suspected cases with 11 lab-confirmed and six (6) deaths (CFR, 2.63%) from 21 LGAs (11 States) at the same period in 2015 (Figure 1).
1.4. Between weeks 1 & 53 2015, 430 suspected Lassa fever cases with 25 lab-confirmed and 40 deaths (CFR, 9.30%) from 37 LGAs (14 States & FCT) were reported compared with 989 suspected cases with 110 lab-confirmed and 36 deaths (CFR, 3.64%) from 37 LGAs (13 States) at the same period in 2014 (Figure 2).
1.5. Investigation ongoing in affected states. States are enjoined to intensify surveillance.
1.5.1. Weekly Lassa fever working group meeting ongoing at the NCDC to assess the current Lassa fever situation in the country.
1.5.2. Ribavirin Injectable & Tablets with Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and other consumables distributed to affected States.
1.5.3. The Emergency Operational Centre (EOC) in the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC)/FMOH was activated and technical supports were provided to affected states during the January – April 2016 outbreak.