Nigeria

NCDC Weekly Epidemiological Report: Volume 6, No. 36 - 16 September 2016

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Weekly updates on epidemics in Nigeria: as at 16th September, 2016 Issue: Volume 6 No. 36

Lassa

1.**Lassa fever update for week 36 as at 16th September, 2016; (Please note that the data reflects the routine reports i.e. all suspected cases including the laboratory positive and negative cases)

1.1. Seven (7) suspected cases of Lassa fever with 2 Lab. Confirmed and 1 death (CFR, 14.29%) were reported from 6 LGAs in 4 States (Kano, Kogi, Ondo and Plateau States) in week 36, 2016 compared with one (1) case from Abuja Municipal Area Council (FCT) at the same period in 2015 (Figure 1).
1.2. Two (2) of the 7 suspected cases were Lab confirmed positive for Lassa (Ondo State), while the other 5 were negative for Lassa and other VHFs. (Kano, Kogi and Plateau States)
1.3. Between weeks 1 and 36 (2016), 830 suspected Lassa fever cases with 82 lab-confirmed and 96 deaths (CFR, 11.57%) from 135 LGAs (28 States) were reported compared with 205 suspected cases with 11 lab-confirmed and six (6) deaths (CFR, 2.93%) from 21 LGAs (11 States) at the same period in 2015 (Figure 1) . 1.4. Between weeks 1 & 53 2015, 430 suspected Lassa fever cases with 25 lab-confirmed and 40 deaths (CFR, 9.30%) from 37 LGAs (14 States & FCT) were reported compared with 989 suspected cases with 110 lab-confirmed and 36 deaths (CFR, 3.64%) from 37 LGAs (13 States) at the same period in 2014 (Figure 2).
1.5. Investigation ongoing in affected states. States are enjoined to intensify surveillance.
1.5.1. Weekly Lassa fever working group meeting ongoing at the NCDC to assess the current Lassa fever situation in the country.
1.5.2. Ribavirin Injectable & Tablets with Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and other consumables distributed to affected States.
1.5.3. The Emergency Operational Centre (EOC) in the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC)/FMOH was activated and technical supports were provided to affected states during the January – April 2016 outbreak