Nigeria

NCDC Weekly Epidemiological Report: Volume 10, 13th – 19th January 2020

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NCDC Strengthens Preparedness for the Novel Coronavirus

On the 30th of January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing novel coronavirus outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). This is a global call for countries to urgently strengthen their surveillance, emergency preparedness, diagnostic and response capacity to protect the health of their citizens against the disease.

Given the rapid spread of the novel coronavirus, the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) through the Nigeria Centre for Disease (NCDC), Department of Port Health Services and other Divisions has instituted measures to reduce the risk of importation of the disease into the country. These include daily epidemic intelligence gathering, enhanced surveillance at the points of entry (PoE), intensive risk communications, capacity building in laboratory testing and high-level press briefings.

For streamlined coordination of the country’s preparedness efforts, the NCDC has initiated a national Coronavirus Preparedness Group. This is a multi-sectoral group with representatives from the Ports Health Services of the Federal Ministry of Health; Office of the National Security Adviser, Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs; WHO, US Centers for Disease Control, Public Health England and Pro-Health International. The group meets daily to review the situation globally, assess the risk of spread and improve on Nigeria’s level of preparedness based on new findings and insights.

The NCDC has developed and published a surveillance case definition of the novel coronavirus which contains defined criteria for determining a suspect case of the disease. In addition, the NCDC National Reference Laboratory, Abuja, has established a laboratory testing platform ready to test samples from patients that meet this case definition. Importantly, Port Health Services and State Epidemiologists are aware of this case definition and confirmation process.

The NCDC has also published public health advisory on the novel coronavirus for Nigerians. It contains vital updates of what is known about the disease and how members of the public can ensure they are protected.

Travelers from China to Nigeria in the last 14 days are advised to report immediately to NCDC through our communication centre, if they feel ill.

NCDC remains committed to working with its parent Ministry and partners, to strengthen preparedness and reduce the risk of the novel coronavirus spreading to Nigeria.

The following resources on the novel #coronavirus #nCoV2019 have been developed by the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control:

  1. Public health advisory to Nigerians. Version 3 published on the 2nd of February 2020: https://www.ncdc.gov.ng/news/222/3rd-february-2020%7C-public-health-advi...

  2. Case-definition to guide diagnosis in Nigeria: https://ncdc.gov.ng/themes/common/docs/protocols/117_1580674999.pdf

  3. Answers to Frequently Asked Questions: https://ncdc.gov.ng/news/221/frequently-asked-questions-%E2%80%93-03%2F0...

Summary of IncidentS

  1. Information for this disease was retrieved from the Technical Working Group and Situation Reports

  2. Case Fatality Rate (CFR) for this disease is reported for confirmed cases only

  3. Information for this disease was retrieved from IDSR 002 data

  4. CFR for this disease is reported for total cases i.e. suspected + confirmed

  5. Information for sentinel influenza was retrieved from the laboratory