NCDC Weekly Epidemiological Report: Issue: Volume 12 No 6: 8th – 14th February 2021

Situation Report
Originally published
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One Year of COVID-19 Response in Nigeria: Lessons Learnt for Future Response

On February 27th, 2020, Nigeria recorded her first case of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). As at March 2nd, 2021, we have unfortunately lost over 1,900 Nigerians and also recorded over 150,000 cases to COVID-19. The COVID-19 pandemic is the largest and longest outbreak in modern times, with socio-economic, political and educational disruptions.

The novelty of the virus has resulted in numerous challenges globally. In Nigeria, the Federal Government has provided leadership and rapid investment in national health security. Diligent planning and hard work have been essential in providing necessary human, material and financial resources to fight the spread of the virus. The Presidential Task Force (PTF) established by the President Muhammadu Buhari has continued to strategically pilot the leadership and coordination of outbreak response ensuring continued communication with the public.

One year into the outbreak, NCDC has continued to work with other institutions in strengthening Nigeria’s health security. This includes the rapid scale up of laboratory services, establishment of Public Health Emergency Operations Centres among others. The unflinching dedication of our frontline workers across all pillars of response has been our greatest asset.

So far, we have learnt key lessons and best practices to control COVID-19 in Nigeria. This has led to the establishment of structures that will enable better preparedness for future outbreaks.

  1. Response Coordination: The NCDC has successfully established Public Health Emergency Operation Centres integrating a call centre, and other resources to manage this outbreak in all 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory

  2. Epidemic Intelligence: A digital surveillance system (SORMAS) for real-time reporting of surveillance data has been rolled put across all states

  3. Improved Nationwide COVID-19 Diagnostic Capacity: Nigeria now has molecular laboratories established in every state for public health diagnosis

  4. Logistics Management System: A national stockpile of response commodities (laboratory and hospital) has been established for improved diagnostics and case management

  5. Risk Communication: We have continued to intensify risk communication activities with increased awareness of preventive and protective measures among Nigerians etc.

We remain grateful for the strong partnerships and coordination that have enabled the response so far. We are grateful to Nigerians for their resilience, our frontline public workforce for their commitment, our partners for their solidarity, and Federal and State Governments for their investment in health security. The COVID-19 pandemic is not over, and we must continue working towards protecting our health security.

Summary of Incidents Notes

  1. Information for this disease was retrieved from the Technical Working Group and Situation Reports

  2. Case Fatality Rate (CFR) for this disease is reported for confirmed cases only

  3. Information for this disease was retrieved from IDSR 002 data

  4. CFR for this disease is reported for total cases i.e. suspected + confirmed

  5. Information for sentinel influenza was retrieved from the laboratory