2020 in review: 10 highlights for the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control
The year 2020 was been unprecedented in various ways. In addition to deploying a vast amount of resources to all 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCD) also worked closely with colleagues at the state level, World Health Organisation and other relevant partners to respond to concurrent outbreaks of Lassa fever and yellow fever, as well as continuous surveillance and response to cases of cholera, monkeypox and measles.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a huge impact on the lives and livelihood of Nigerians, and strained our health sector. In leading the national public health response, we have continuously employed diverse strategies at national and subnational levels. We have especially supported states to strengthen their capacities for outbreak prevention, preparedness, detection and response in Nigeria.
This week’s editorial provides a summary of ten major highlights in the year 2020. The NCDC:
Provided support to states to respond to COVID-19 and other disease outbreaks through timely deployment of Rapid Response Teams, provision of medical and laboratory commodities and supplies, development of relevant guidelines and protocols etc.
Conducted COVID-19 household sero-prevalence survey to foster better understanding of the burden of the disease in Nigeria
Established State Public Health Emergency Operations Centres (PHEOCs) in additional seven states as well as integration of two polio PHEOCs in Nigeria. Only two states in Nigeria do not have a PHEOC currently
Finalised Nigeria’s National Multi-Hazard Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan
Launched the 3rd edition of the National Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response guidelines
Fully deployed Surveillance Outbreak Response Management Analysis System (SORMAS) for digital surveillance to all the 774 LGAs across all the 36 States of the Federation including the FCT
Established infection prevention and control programmes at primary, secondary and tertiary health facilities including the military and paramilitary health facilities
Implemented various activities of the National Action Plan for Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) with facilitation of National Technical Working group meetings
Established and activated new molecular laboratories across Nigeria. Every state in Nigeria has at least one public health laboratory with molecular testing capacity
Strengthened partnerships with local, regional and global institutions
Given the current increase in COVID-19 cases in Nigeria, we urge Nigerians to continue to take responsibility to prevent further spread of the disease. The NCDC remains committed to its mandate to protect the health of Nigerians and enable stronger national health security.
Summary of Incidents
Information for this disease was retrieved from the Technical Working Group and Situation Reports
Case Fatality Rate (CFR) for this disease is reported for confirmed cases only
Information for this disease was retrieved from IDSR 002 data
CFR for this disease is reported for total cases i.e. suspected + confirmed
Information for sentinel influenza was retrieved from the laboratory