Fostering Epidemic Intelligence: NCDC launches National Technical Guidelines for IDSR (3rd ed)
Nigeria is one of the World Health Organization African Region (WHO-AFRO) countries implementing the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy. This strategy was developed in 2001 by WHO-AFRO to improve the capacity of health systems in countries, at all levels, for timely detection and response to IDSR priority diseases. Given the evolving epidemiological trends of diseases, the IDSR Technical Guidelines (IDSR TG) had undergone two revisions (2010 and 2019) and adaptations by WHO-AFRO. Countries have also continued to revise and adapt this guideline within their specific epidemiological contexts.
In line with the above, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), working closely with other relevant stakeholders, has similarly continued to adapt the guideline, taking into account the country’s the epidemiological dynamics. NCDC in conjunction with key stakeholders has also carried out two in-country revisions and adaptations (2013 and 2019) of the IDSR guideline.
On the 30th of September, 2020 NCDC launched the 3rd edition of the National IDSR TG. This was a collaborative effort with development partners and relevant Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs). In comparison to the 2010 and 2013 versions which had 22 and 40 priority diseases, respectively, the current edition of the IDSR guideline has 45 priority diseases including the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19). In addition, other new areas covered are One-Health Approach; Disaster Risk Management Strategies; Cross-border and Point of Entry Surveillance; Information Communication Technology (eIDSR); Community-based Surveillance; and Events-based Surveillance.
The launch was well attended including representatives from the national institutions, and development partners such as WHO, UNICEF, US CDC, Public Health England, Africa Field Epidemiology Network, University of Maryland, Baltimore etc. The NCDC is particularly grateful to our partners for their immense contribution to the review of the IDSR TG. We remain committed to protecting the health of Nigerians.
Summary of Incidents
Information for this disease was retrieved from the Technical Working Group and Situation Reports
Case Fatality Rate (CFR) for this disease is reported for confirmed cases only
Information for this disease was retrieved from IDSR 002 data
CFR for this disease is reported for total cases i.e. suspected + confirmed
Information for sentinel influenza was retrieved from the laboratory