Nigeria

NCDC Cholera Situation Report Weekly Epidemiological Report 16 (Epi Week 39: 27 September – 03 October 2021)

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Situation Report
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Week 39 Highlights

• Thirty-one states and FCT have reported suspected cholera cases in 2021. These are Abia, Adamawa, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Ekiti, Enugu, FCT, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Rivers and Zamfara

• In the reporting week, 13 states reported 737 suspected cases - Yobe (230), Zamfara (136), Bauchi (113), Sokoto (84), Adamawa (42), Katsina (35), Oyo (32), Ebonyi (26), Kebbi (26), Gombe (5), Nasarawa (4), Kano (3) and Abia (1)

• There was a 37% decrease in the number of new suspected cases in week 39 (737) compared with week 38 (1,163) • Yobe (230), Zamfara (136) and Bauchi (113) account for 65% of 737 suspected cases reported in week 39

• During the reporting week, 159 Cholera Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDT) were conducted. RDT conducted were from Zamfara (136) and Adamawa (23). Of this, a total of 12 (8%) were positive by RDT

• A total of 137 Culture tests were conducted in Zamfara (136)) and Adamawa (1). Of this, 3 (2%) were positive Of the cases reported, there were eleven deaths from Sokoto (3), Yobe (3), Bauchi (3), Ebonyi (1) and Kebbi (1) states with a weekly case fatality ratio (CFR) of 1.5%

• Two new states (Ebonyi and Oyo) reported cases in week 39

• The national multi-sectoral EOC activated at level 02 continues to coordinate the national response