Nigeria

Multi-Sectoral Needs and COVID-19 Vulnerability of Host Communities in Northeast Nigeria, Konduga LGA, Borno State. Round II (November 2020)

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OVERVIEW

According to the 2020 Humanitarian Needs Overview, over 60% of Northeast Nigeria’s estimated 1.8 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) reside out of camp, in host communities. Due in part to their dispersion over large geographic areas, displaced populations residing in host communities can be more difficult to identify, access, and target than those in camps. As a subset of host communities, informal sites and settlements (ISETs) are particularly vulnerable. Residents of ISETs live in hyper-dense areas characterized by extreme poverty and marginalization, with limited access to basic services, and are often not receiving humanitarian assistance.1 In order to design and implement effective assistance to support vulnerable populations residing in out-of-camp settings, humanitarian and government actors rely on detailed and up to date information on host communities and ISETs, including their whereabouts, demographics, priority needs, and assistance preferences.

To help inform this response, REACH conduded a multi-sectoral needs assessment to provide evidence-based information on the needs of displaced and non-displaced households residing in host communities. Findings presented here are based on 1,109 household surveys with 558 displaced and 551 non-displaced households in 49 host community settlements across 6 local government areas (LGAs) in Borno State, and 147 key informant interviews with community representatives of various population groups who reported at the community-level.2 In Konduga LGA, REACH interviewed 176 households (88 displaced, and 88 non-displaced), as well as 21 key informants across 7 host community settlements. Household-level findings are representative at the LGA-level for displaced and non-displaced households residing in identified host community settlements with 90% confidence and a +/- 10% margin of error; findings related to a subset have a lower level of confidence and a wider margin of error and should be considered indicative only. All interviews were conducted face-to-face between November 8 and November 20, 2020.3 For more information on the methodology and limitations see page 7.

KEY FINDINGS

• The majority of displaced households (61%) reported residing in a temporary shelter type (54% in a makeshift shelter), compared to 13% of non-displaced households.

• While the majority of non-displaced households (89%) reported reported owning or renting their place of dwelling, just over one third (36%) of displaced households reported the same. An additional 39% of displaced households reported squatting as their current accommodation, 36% with permission from the landowner, and 3% without permission.

• Nearly one third of displaced households (31%) reported fearing forceful eviction from their homes, compared to 8% of non-displaced households.

• Overall, a relatively high proportion of displaced (62%) and non-displaced (42%) were found to have a Household Hunger Scale (HHS) of “moderate” or worse - indicative of experienced food insecurity. Similarly, nearly all households reported food to be a priority need.

• Just 4% of displaced households and 2% of non-displaced households reported having received some form of assistance in the 30 days prior to data collection, while just 6% and 7% of households, respectively, reported someone from their household or community had given input to an aid organization in the same recall period.