In response to the humanitarian crisis in north east region of Nigeria and the fact that more LGAs are now accessible out of the 27 conflict-affected LGAs of the north-eastern state of Borno, COOPI decided to undertake a multi-sector rapid needs assessment (MSNA) to better understand the humanitarian needs of the displaced and host population. A Humanitarian Response Advisor was deployed to Nigeria from September to December, 2016 to identify feasible and appropriate interventions and provide recommendations for future COOPI programs in Borno.
The assessment used household interviews, Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and key informant interviews (KI) to collect information on the needs and protection risks faced by both the displaced and the host population in one selected area of Bolori II in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC). The members of the host community in the selected area, called Balabulin Alajeri, are considered as returnees as they have fled from the area during the conflict and started returning to the area since the beginning of 2015. An attempt to identify specific pattern of vulnerabilities for each group (men, women and children) is included in this report.
A secondary data review of relevant documents produced by INGOs, UN agencies, Sector Working Groups, Government of Nigeria, including regular updates from the monitoring information systems available in the country (Fews Net, UNOCHA humanitarian dashboards and the Humanitarian Bulletin Nigeria North-East, IOM/DTM, Food Security Sector Bulletin, WFP Situation Reports, ACAPS) was conducted to provide a contextual overview to the interpretation of the assessment findings, as well as to validate and complement them.
The assessment was conducted from October 15th to November 24th targeting 70 households (64% identified as internally displaced and 36% as members of the host community). Focus Group Discussions and Key Informant interviews were conducted across the area involving 24 women and 20 men (39% IDPs and 61% members of the host community), local government authorities, community leaders, community representative (i.e. teachers) and health facility personnel.
The selection of the assessment locations was based on the security situation and physical accessibility to the areas (in coordination with UNOCHA and INSO), the estimated size of the displaced population and the host community and the identified gaps in service provision suggested by NEMA (National Emergency Management Agency) and SEMA (State Emergency Management Agency).
Information on gaps in humanitarian assistance in the selected area was verified through bilateral meetings with INGOs and coordination with the Sector Working Groups in Borno (Food Security, Protection, WASH, Nutrition, Shelter/NFI, and Education).
The assessment was conducted with NEMA and SEMA, the Borno State Universal Basic Education Board in Maiduguri (SUBEB), the Rural Water Department Agency (RUWASA), the Sector Working Groups, OCHA and other UN agencies and INGOs working in Bolori II.