Nigeria

IPC Acute Malnutrition Analysis September 2021 – August 2022 (Issued December 2021)

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OVER 1.7 MILLION CHILDREN UNDER FIVE LIKELY ACUTELY MALNOURISHED IN NORTH EAST NIGERIA

Overview

The acute malnutrition situation in North East Nigeria is classified as Serious (IPC Phase 3) or Alert (IPC Phase 2) in many areas during the current period of September to December 2021, with over 60% of areas analysed being in IPC Acute Malnutrition (AMN) Phase 3 or above. Over 1.74 million children under the age of five are expected to suffer from acute malnutrition between September 2021 and August 2022 (based on the combined GAM prevalence estimates).This includes nearly 614,000 severe acute malnutrition (SAM) cases and over one million moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) cases. In addition, over 151,000 pregnant and lactating women will likely be acutely malnourished and are in need of nutrition interventions.

According to the latest IPC AMN analysis, eight Local Government Areas (LGAs) are classified in IPC AMN Phase 4 (Critical), 29 LGAs in IPC AMN Phase 3 (Serious), 14 LGAs in IPC AMN Phase 2 (Alert) and ten LGAs in IPC AMN Phase 1 (Acceptable) during the period of September – December 2021. During the course of the first projection (January – April 2022), the post-harvest season, the nutrition situation of 24 LGAs is expected to improve, whereas the situation of 35 LGAs is expected to remain the same, and that of two LGAs (Chibok and Hawul) is expected to deteriorate when compared to the current situation. As per the second projection (May – August 2022), the lean season, the nutrition situation is expected to deteriorate in 45 LGAs and is expected to remain the same in 16 LGAs when compared to the first projection period.

The major immediate causes of acute malnutrition include very poor food consumption (quantity and quality) and the high prevalence of diarrhoea and malaria. The underlying causes include the prevailing poor access to Water,
Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services and facilities, food insecurity due to poor access to land and livelihoods in some areas, and population displacements and insecurity limiting the delivery of humanitarian aid. The major contributing factors in the projected period are the expected deterioration of the security situation, decreased food accessibility, possible outbreaks of measles and a high incidence of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs).