- Insecurity continues to threaten civilians and livelihoods in the Lake Chad Basin region where food insecurity and malnutrition continue to stand at critical levels. Vulnerable people living in affected areas continue to flee violence and insecurity, seeking refuge in host communities whose scarce resources, under strain, are drastically reduced. WFP urgently needs USD 70 million to continue providing emergency food assistance to affected people in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
The onset of the dry season resumed military offensive against insurgents in Borno State, Nigeria. In northern Adamawa State, in Nigeria and Mayo Sava district in Cameroon, insurgents progressively increased violence against civilians, and the prevailing security situation resulted in population movements towards northwest Borno State in November 2017. According to UNHCR, 1,645,220 out of 1,713,771 IDPs (96 percent) are displaced in Nigeria by the insurgency.
The October 2017 Cadre Harmonisé - Food Security and Nutrition Analysis - released on 9 November revealed that the level of food insecurity has improved for 50 percent of the population in northeast Nigeria who were estimated by the previous analysis in March 2017 to be facing worst food and nutrition insecurity during the 2017 lean season. This is attributable mainly to an improvement of the security situation, scaling up of humanitarian assistance from the Government and humanitarian community, support to livelihood activities and favourable climatic conditions for agricultural production and slight market recovery. The analysis also projects that 3.7 million people will be food insecure in Nigeria and considered to be in crisis or emergency phase of food and nutrition insecurity from June to August 2018 in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe States (as compared with 5.2 million in March 2017).
According to IOM’s latest report, from 14 -27 November, the number of new arrivals from Cameroon to seek refuge in Borno and Adamawa States increased by 20 percent compared to the first half of November. WFP has buffer stocks positioned at entry points, and with partners, continues to provide food assistance on arrival.
In Chad, the Cadre Harmonisé led by the Government, CILSS, WFP and FAO classified the current situation in Mamdi, one of the departments of the Lake region as a crisis (81,000 people in phase 3 or above) and expects the second department to also move to a crisis phase during the lean season, as well as 13 other departments of the Sahel. The SMART noted alarming rates of global acute malnutrition (GAM) among the host communities throughout the Lake region, with a prevalence of 18.1 percent even though GAM rates have steadily decreased among the IDP population in 2017 (from 6 to 4 percent, well below the WHO 15 percent emergency threshold). In partnership with IOM, WFP has led a biometric registration exercise onto WFP SCOPE platform in the area of Tchoukoutalia, in Chad, which was previously difficult to reach due to security reasons. Some 4,000 people were registered and this exercise will help clarify the actual IDP presence at each site. In Niger, the 2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) released in November estimates that 1.4 million people will be food insecure in 2018 among which 408,000 people in the Diffa region.5 Most