Nigeria + 3 more

Insecurity in the Lake Chad Basin - Regional Impact, Situation Report #29, 31 August 2017

Situation Report
Originally published



  • The Lake Chad region continues to face large-scale humanitarian needs as a result of the long-running violence associated with Boko Haram. The recent months have seen an increase in attacks, especially in northeastern Nigeria.

  • The ongoing trend of return of Nigerian refugees continues. Most returnees arrive with serious humanitarian needs including food, water, shelter and health. This is putting a tremendous strain on the communities hosting returnees who are already struggling with limited resources.

  • A cholera outbreak has been reported in Borno State by the State Ministry of Health. WFP is coordinating with Health and WASH sector partners to support the response.

Situation Update

  • The Lake Chad Basin region faces a dire humanitarian situation as a result of the long-running violence associated with Boko Haram. The recent months have seen an intensification of attacks by Boko Haram, especially in northeastern Nigeria, with repeated strikes around Maiduguri and nearby internally displaced persons (IDP) sites. More than 2.3 million people are displaced across the region. According to OCHA, food insecurity and malnutrition have reached critical levels across the four countries of the Lake Chad Basin. Over seven million food-insecure people are classified as being at crisis and emergency levels, of whom 5.2 million are in Nigeria’s northeast, with 1.5 million in Cameroon, 340,000 in Niger, and 123,000 in Chad.

  • Insecurity continue to cause population movements in the Lake Chad Basin and increase protection concerns. The withdrawal of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) troops from certain conflict-hit localities across the region during the current rainy season has prompted populations to move to other areas for safety. The insecurity is posing challenges to WFP operations.

  • According to FEWS NET, despite favourable expectations for agroclimatic conditions in the Lake Chad Basin, populations will continue to experience acute food insecurity through the remainder of the lean season due to conflict, with the persistent risk of famine and critical levels of acute food insecurity in inaccessible areas of northeastern Nigeria.

  • The ongoing trend of refugee returns from Cameroon, Niger and Chad is putting additional pressure on the limited infrastructures in the bordering towns of Banki, Gamboru, Ngala, Damasak and Pulka in Nigeria, and compounding the food and nutrition crisis. Representatives from Cameroon, Nigeria and UNHCR met between 10-12 August to make recommendations on the returns of Nigerian refugees from Cameroon which have been mostly uncoordinated and spontaneous.

  • Health actors continue to scale up health and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) activities in response to the cholera outbreak in northeastern Nigeria’s Borno State. The first case was recorded on 16 August 2017. Since then over 530 suspected cases have been reported, including 23 deaths (4.3 per cent fatality rate), mainly in Muna Garage, a camp hosting about 20,000 people in Maiduguri in Borno State. WFP is collaborating with Health and WASH sector partners to support the response. Food is being delivered to Muna Garage IDP camp for distribution to around 100 people affected by the cholera outbreak.

  • Flooding in several localities across the Lake Chad Basin is hampering the provision of relief assistance to thousands of displaced people at a time when food insecurity is at its peak.