Informal IDP Camp Profiles: Kushari Community, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria - May 2017
- Informal IDP camps: 20
- Total IDP households: 647
- Total IDP population: 3,405
- Average camp population: 170
REACH was deployed to Nigeria in April 2017 in order to support the humanitarian response to the Lake Chad Crisis. REACH city-wide rapid assessments of informal internally displaced person (IDP) camps in Maiduguri aim to identify common community services used by IDPs and barriers they may or may not face in accessing critical services, while also building a deeper understanding around displacement dynamics of IDP populations.
The following factsheet provides an overview of the services accessed by IDP camp residents within the Kushari Community (neighbourhood) in addition to profiles of each camp, and will serve as the foundation for future exercises that aim to understand movement intentions and absorption capacity of return settlements. Data collection for this assessment was conducted on 14 and 15 May 2017 through 21 key informant interviews with community leaders and IDP camp leaders, as well as eight focus group discussions with IDP camp residents. Findings should be considered as indicative only.
IDPs from the ongoing conflict in north eastern Nigeria have been residing in informal camp settlements in the Kushari Community of Maiduguri since May 2013. A total of 20 informal IDP camps were present in the community at the time of the assessment, the majority of which were formed in mid-2014 and the most recent in February 2017. IDPs have opted to settle in Kushari due to the availability of free land, positive perceptions around access to humanitarian assistance and security relative to the surrounding region. Nonetheless, IDPs residing in Kushari reportedly face acute difficulties in accessing basic needs such as food,education and healthcare.