Humanitarian Action for Children 2017 - Nigeria
Total affected population: 8.5 million
Total affected children: 4.4 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 4 million
Total children to be reached in 2017: 2.1 million
Due to the ongoing conflict in the north-east, the humanitarian crisis in Nigeria has significantly increased in scale. In the three most directly affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, 8.5 million people require humanitarian assistance, including 1.68 million internally displaced persons, more than half of whom are children. In line with the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF's focus remains on these three states, where 93 per cent of the internally displaced reside. The nutrition situation is of great concern, with some areas experiencing rates of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) (10–20 per cent) that far exceed emergency thresholds. Social services are severely disrupted, with 40 per cent of health facilities and 1,200 schools damaged or destroyed due to the conflict. Similarly, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) has become a growing concern, with an estimated 3.9 million people needing assistance. Three million children have lost access to learning, more than 2.7 million conflict-affected children need psychosocial support, 20,000 children are unaccompanied and separated and 8,000 children are associated with armed forces and groups. Failure to reintegrate and separation from families is increasing children’s risk of abuse and exploitation.
In 2017, UNICEF will deliver an integrated package of interventions, at scale, to affected populations, in coordination with other United Nations agencies, the Government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). As sector co-lead with the Government for the WASH, nutrition and education sectors and the child protection sub-sector, UNICEF will strengthen coordination, increase operational capacity at the field level, expand NGO partnerships, engage community-level social mobilizers and strengthen existing UNICEF programming systems to reach the most vulnerable. The nutrition response will include SAM treatment, promotion of infant and young child feeding and provision of micronutrient supplementation through community outreach. In health, UNICEF will support health facilities, immunization and maternal, newborn and child health week campaigns, while also improving primary health care service outreach. Access to safe water and sanitation will be improved and hygiene will be promoted, including in health facilities, schools and child-friendly spaces. UNICEF will provide psychosocial support for children (including in safe spaces and schools), care and support for unaccompanied and separated children and reintegration support for children associated with Boko Haram. Access to education will be increased. The strategy also includes cash and voucher interventions to promote access to services.