Humanitarian Action for Children 2016 - Nigeria (September 2016)

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Total affected population: 14.8 million
Total affected children (under 18): 7.3 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 4.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2016: 2.1 million

2016 programme targets

Nutrition  398,188 children aged 6 to 59 months admitted for SAM treatment Health
 4,267,534 conflict-affected people reached with emergency primary health care services  5,731,507 children vaccinated against measles.
 160,000 conflict-affected families reached with long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLITNs)

 1,220,995 conflict-affected provided with access to safe water per agreed standards
 1,003,547 conflict-affected people benefitted from improved sanitation
 1,100,000 conflict-affected benefitted from hygiene promotion messages & WASH Kits

Child protection
 436,201 conflict-affected children reached with psychosocial support
 8,355 Unaccompanied and separated children supported (case managed, including those supported in alternative care arrangements)

 586,400 conflict-affected children accessed education in protective and safe learning environments


Greater access in the North East of Nigeria has revealed an acute humanitarian situation with food insecurity affecting more than 4.4 million people. The epicentre of this crisis is located in Borno State, where over 1.4 million people have been displaced as a result of Boko Haram violence, and approximately 750,000 people have recently been brought within reach in “newly accessible areas”. Populations in these areas are in dire need of food, health, water and sanitation, education and protection. In addition, an estimated 2.2 million people currently remain inaccessible to humanitarian actors in Borno State. The government declared a nutrition emergency for Borno State in June 2016. A few weeks later, the identification of two polio cases placed Nigeria back on the list of polio-endemic countries. The estimated caseload of children under-5 suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is over 398,000 in Borno, Adamaoua, and Yobe States. Children are exposed to the worst forms of violence and exploitation including killing, maiming, abductions, forced recruitment into armed groups and sexual violence. Significant security and access challenges hamper the delivery of life-saving services.

Humanitarian strategy

UNICEF has significantly scaled up its field presence and response to provide a multi-sector response to over 2 million affected people in the newly accessible areas, Maiduguri Municiple Centre (MMC), Jere LGA, Southern Borno, as well as Gujaba and Gulani LGAs of Yobe. In order to meet the expanding needs of displaced and host populations, UNICEF is providing funding, supplies and technical support to the key strategies of: Strengthening the outreach delivery of Primary Health Care (PHC) with an integrated package of Health, Nutrition and WASH services ; Promoting Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) and combining it with vaccination campaigns; Partnering with communities in hard to reach areas and working with 2,200 Volunteer Community Mobilizers (VCMs) in the IDP camps and host communities; Partnering with NGOs to accelerate and scale up service delivery into all newly accessible areas. Safe learning spaces are being established to provide children with access to basic education, while support to the re-establishment of the education system is underway. Psychosocial support is provided to children in IDP sites and host communities through recreational activities in safe spaces. Separated and unaccompanied children receive individual care and assistance, and children formerly associated with Boko Haram are provided with reintegration assistance. UNICEF supports humanitarian coordination in the areas of Nutrition, WASH, Education and Child Protection and is expanding its field presence to strengthen advocacy, monitoring and technical supervision. UNICEF is implementing this scale-up plan in close coordination with other UN agencies and partners.

UNICEF Results

As of 15 September 2016, over 2.6 million people have been reached with primary health care (PHC) services (of which over 540,000 were reached in the newly accessible areas), and close to 75,000 children under-5 have been admitted for therapeutic treatment of SAM. Access to water has been provided to 448,000 people while more than 622,000 people benefitted from improved sanitation. Over 887,000 children have been vaccinated against polio. Over 72,000 conflict-affected children have been able to access education in a protective and safe learning environment; and 133,100 children received psychosocial support through a network of 943 trained community volunteers in 195 Child-Friendly Spaces (CFSs) in 27 IDP camps and 209 communities. Over 4,100 unaccompanied and separated children have received individual protection assistance.