Rann town is the capital of Kala Balge Local Government Authority (LGA) in Borno State, north-east Nigeria.
The LGA has seen the killing of hundreds of civilians, the abduction of women and girls, the destruction of towns, and large scale forced displacement of populations.
Livelihoods have been devastated and assets looted.
Since March 2016 civilians have slowly started to return to Rann, but are in dire need of humanitarian assistance.
Local government has been slow to be re-established in the town, and this had a negative impact on the humanitarian response.
The security situation outside Rann remains tenuous, and protection of civilian concerns are high. Freedom of movement is restricted due to a curfew and a 5km security perimeter. Nonetheless, civilians do access markets in Cameroon (8km away). New vulnerable and/or displaced populations continue to arrive in Rann on a regular basis from insecure areas. These individuals are screened by the Nigerian military upon arrival.
Rann town is the only location in Kala Balge LGA with a permanent humanitarian presence. Humanitarian personnel are transported to Rann by the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS).
Poor security is hampering access for humanitarians in Rann and the rest of the LGA.
Humanitarian operations and preparedness activities in Rann continue to be affected by the poor road conditions between Rann and Maiduguri. During the rainy season these conditions are exacerbated as entire roads are washed out, and Rann is effectively cut off for weeks at a time with trucks being stranded in remote towns along the way. The constant breakdown of trucks can lead to the looting of goods (both humanitarian and commercial).
Humanitarian logistics organisations have explored options to move cargo to Rann, including pre-positioning stock, using various air options with UNHAS, operating cross-border from Cameroon, using donkeys and boats, repairing roads etc. Thus far, UNHAS has been successful in flying in supplies, such as medicine, in smaller quantities. Some reports indicate that the Ngala-Rann road may open for light-weight vehicles in coming weeks.
Along the Mafa–Dikwa–Ngala–Rann road, humanitarian personnel and cargo movements require armed escorts as a last resort.
Between Dikwa and Ngala there are reports of unexploded ordnance and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs).
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.