This report was drafted by staff of the Country of Origin (COI) sector in EASO.
The report aims to provide information on targeting of individuals in Nigeria, focusing on actors as well as on the profiles of targeted persons. Such information is relevant for international protection status determination (refugee status and subsidiary protection). The terms of reference can be found in Annex 2.
Defining the Terms of Reference (ToR)
The definition of the profiles of targeted persons is based on the Nigerian context, taking into consideration a survey sent out to all EU Member states previous to the development of the ToR.
Members of the EASO COI Specialist Network on West Africa and of the EASO Country Guidance network gave input on the terms of reference that were finalised during a preparatory meeting in March 2018 taking all the inputs into account.
As regards the actors of targeting, the main questions were:
• What are the objectives of the actor?
• What are the organisational structure and the modus operandi?
• Is there forced recruitment?
As regards the profiles of targeted individuals, the terms of reference are based on the following questions:
• Do individuals under this profile experience human rights violations and or discriminations?
• And if so, by whom? What kind of violations, why, where and when as well as how often?
Furthermore, the ToR includes questions on whether persons affected by human rights violations have the possibilities to avoid this (for example by relocation) as well as whether there are means of redress available to them. Where such information is available, it is included in the report.
The information is a result of desk research of public, specialised paper-based and electronic sources until 30 August 2018. As a result of the quality control process (see below) some additional information was included in response to feedback received during the respective reviews, until 17 November 2018.
As a general indication, the time frame for collecting information was set on the period from 2015 onwards.
Quality control (peer and external review)
In order to ensure that the authors respected the EASO COI Report Methodology, a review was carried out by COI specialists from the countries and organisations listed as reviewers in the Acknowledgements section. In addition, a review of the report was carried out by Dr. Megan Turnbull, Assistant Professor of Comparative Politics at the University of Georgia in the Department of International Affairs. All comments made by the reviewers were taken into consideration and most of them were implemented in the final draft of this report. EASO performed the final quality review and editing of the text.