The escalation of Boko Haram violence in 2014 resulted in mass displacement around northeastern Nigeria. To better understand the scope of displacement and assess the needs of affected populations in northeast Nigeria, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) started implementing its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) program in September 2014 in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and the State Emergency Management Agencies (SEMAs). IOM’s DTM is used in countries around the world to track displacement caused by natural disasters and conflict.
The main objective of the DTM in northeast Nigeria is to support the Nigerian government and humanitarian partners in establishing a comprehensive system to collect, analyze and disseminate data on internally displaced persons (IDPs) in order to provide assistance to the population affected by the insurgency. Staff from IOM, NEMA, SEMAs and the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRCS) collect data in the field, including baseline information at Local Government Area (LGA)-level and ward-level and conduct detailed assessments in displacement sites, like camps and collective centers, and host communities. IOM’s DTM program is funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Oce (ECHO) and the Government of Germany. NEMA also provides financial support.
The DTM assessments were conducted from December 19, 2016 to January 25, 2017, in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, and Yobe states, covering 762 wards in 108 LGAs. In Borno, the epicentre of the conflict, the DTM has now partial access to 24 LGAs out of the 27 LGAs in the northeastern state. Two additional LGAs in Borno were assessed during this round:
Kala/Balge and Kukawa.