Based on the UNDP and Disaster Waste Recovery (DWR) Debris and Waste Assessment (Jan 2015) there is wide scale damage to homes and public buildings in the North East as a result of the on-going armed confict between Boko Haram, the Nigerian military and the Multi National Task Force. In the state of Yobe alone more than 20,000 structures have been either destroyed or damaged. The debris from damaged buildings is a health & safety risk to returnees and an obstacle for their safe return unless measures are undertaken for its removal. The assessment recommends the initiation and scale-up of a comprehensive labour intensive debris clearing and recycling program, with safety at its core. This will provide emergency employment as well as opportunities to recover and recycle many valuable materials resulting in long-term sustainable solutions.