Cadre Harmonisé Update Analysis to Identify Risk Areas and Populations in Acute Food and Nutrition Insecurity in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States of Nigeria


The Cadre Harmonise (CH) update analysis for Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States was conducted in August, 2016 in Abuja, Nigeria. The Boko Haram related insurgency in these states has caused population displacement, disruption in livelihoods, and acute food insecurity. According to the International Organization of Migration’s (IOM) June 2016 report, there are over 1.4 million, 159,445 and 111,671 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states respectively. The food insecurity and low levels of food consumption can be attributed to depleted household stocks and poor access to markets, high prices of staple food, low income and extreme coping strategies.

Hazard and vulnerability

Despite improvement in civil security situation in these areas, there are still some attacks and suicide bombings which continue to cause fatalities, displacement, and livelihood restrictions. This has had a negative impact on food consumption and livelihood activities within both displaced and host community households. The situation is continuing, as new displacement occurs in areas where insurgents remain and as IDPs return home, mainly in Adamawa and Yobe States, and many returnees find their homes inhabitable and remain displaced in urban areas.

Food availability

Food availability is extremely limited. There has been no food production for the last three years and it is the lean season at the time of analysis. Consequently, household and market food stocks have been depleted and some areas have no access to markets.

Food access

Most households across the three states have experienced a decrease in food access due to the increase in food prices compared to previous years as a result of sky-rocketing inflation of the Naira. In most of the markets, prices have sharply increased since the beginning of 2016.

Food Utilization including Water

Information from surveys and assessments conducted by Government and International NGOs indicate that Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates in children under five are above critical thresholds. There is some access to potable water depending on the sites, although access is limited in many formal and informal IDP camps in Borno State.