The Cadre Harmonisé (CH) is the current regional framework for consensual analysis of acute food insecurity situations. It aims to have the results of food insecurity analysis applied to prevent food crisis by identifying affected areas and populations and proffering appropriate measures to improve their food and nutrition security and livelihoods. The results of this analysis that identified the food and nutrition insecure areas within sixteen northern states of Nigeria and the FCT were arrived at after analyzing the food and nutrition security outcome indicators and their relevant contributing factors.
The Result of the CH analysis indicates that a proportion of the population have drifted from the higher CH phases (4 to 5) of food insecurity to lower phases (1 to 3). This is attributable mainly to an improvement of the security situation, livelihood activities and scaling up of humanitarian assistance from the Government and Partners.
In the current period (Oct–Dec 2017), food consumption classification indicated minimal and acceptable situations in areas less affected by the insurgency mainly in Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Jigawa, Plateau, FCT, Niger, Kebbi, Katsina, Kaduna, Taraba, Zamfara and Sokoto States; stress situations in Kano, Yobe and Adamawa States and crisis in Borno state. In Northeastern areas mostly affected by the ongoing conflict (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States), a sizable population of households resorted to severe coping strategies more frequently to access food. However, there remains concern about the Food security and Nutrition situation in some inaccessible LGAs in Borno state (Abadam, Guzamala, Marte) and communities in other parts of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States.
Livelihood activities in all the states except in parts of Plateau, Taraba, Benue, Zamfara, Kaduna, Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States are favourable due to increased income from cash crops sales from normal harvest in these states.
With the exception of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states, there is no temporality and seasonality of nutrition data that correspond to the current situation to adequately assess the nutritional status of the areas analyzed.
Data on Mortality Rate (U5MR) and Crude Mortality rate (CMR) were generally not recorded, except in Borno and Yobe States.