2019 Lassa Fever Outbreak in Nigeria: NCDC Situation Report #37 - 15th September 2019

Situation Report
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  • In the reporting week 37 (9 th – 15th September, 2019) seven new confirmedii cases were reported from Edo(3), Ondo(2), Ebonyi(1) and Benue(1) states, two new deaths reported from Edo and Benue states

  • From 1 st January to 15th September, 2019, a total of 3728 suspectedi cases have been reported from 23 states. Of these, 694 were confirmed positive, 18 probable and 3002 negative (not a case)

  • Since the onset of the 2019 outbreak, there have been 149 deaths in confirmed cases. Case fatality ratio in confirmed cases is 21.5%

  • Twenty-four (24) States (Edo, Ondo, Bauchi, Nasarawa, Ebonyi, Plateau, Taraba, Adamawa,
    Gombe, Kaduna, Kwara, Benue, Rivers, Kogi, Enugu, Imo, Delta, Oyo, Kebbi, Cross River, Zamfara,
    Lagos and Abia) have recorded at least one confirmed case across 83 Local Government Areas - Figure 1

  • 93% of all confirmed cases are from Edo (38%), Ondo (30%), Ebonyi (8%), Bauchi (7%), Taraba(6%) and Plateau (5%) states- Figure 1

  • Predominant age-group affected is 21-40 years (Range: >1 month to 98 years, Median Age: 34 years) - Figure 6

  • The male to female ratio for confirmed cases is 1:1 - Figure 6

  • In the reporting week 37, no new health care worker was affected. A total of nineteen health care workers have been infected since the onset of the outbreak in ten States – Edo (6), Ondo (4), Ebonyi (2), Enugu (1), Rivers (1), Bauchi (1), Benue (1), Delta (1), Plateau (1) and Kebbi (1) with two deaths in Enugu and Edo States

  • Nine (9) patients are currently being managed at various treatment centres across the country:
    Irrua Specialist TeachingHospital(ISTH)treatment Centre (4) and Federal Medical Centre, Owo (5)

  • A total of 8335 contacts have been identified from 21 States. Of these 478(5.7%) are currently being followed up, 7780(93.3%) have completed 21 days follow up, while 12(0.1%) were lost to follow up. 131 symptomatic contacts have been identified, of which 65(49.9%) have tested positive

  • National Lassa fever multi-partner, multi-sectoral Technical Working Group (TWG) continues to coordinate response activities at all levels