KEY HUMANITARIAN ISSUES
1. Massive conflict displacement and violations against civilians Nearly 1 million people have been internally displaced by conflict and insecurity in the Northeastern and Middle North Regions. Over 7,000 fatalities have been attributed to the Boko Haram insurgency in 2014 and entire communities traumatized.
2. Crisis-level food insecurity in the Northeast
Conflict- affected households in northeastern Nigeria continue to experience difficulty in meeting their essential food and nonfood needs.
Displacement has led to the abandonment of income generating activities, cultivation, disrupted trade flows, and the closure of most markets in the conflict-affected areas. Crisis-level (IPC 3) food insecurity is expected to persist through the first half of 2015 in all of Borno State.
3. Access to basic services severely constrained
Boko Haram insurgents have attacked numerous health facilities and health workers leaving large areas of Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa States grossly underserved. Almost 75% of the affected people do not have access to health care and remaining PHCs have been overwhelmed by the recent influxes of IDPs. 80% of the displaced people do not have sustainable access to water, sanitation and hygiene. Poor hygiene behaviors are contributing to outbreaks of water-borne diseases, increase in mortality and morbidity. Lack of adequate emergency sanitation facilities also place individuals, particularly women and children at increased risk of protection issues. With deliberate attacks on schools, abduction of girls and use of schools as IDP camps, education has been seriously disrupted.
4. Host community resources are nearly exhausted
Close to 90% of the IDPs live within host communities adding more strain on host populations in receiving areas. Where IDPs have taken shelter in schools or churches or mosques, minimum humanitarian standards for shelter, food, water, sanitation, health education are not being met.
5. Acute health, nutrition needs in areas with little humanitarian access
Outbreaks of disease have increased in areas affected by displacement. Lack of access to vaccinations will have serious consequences.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.