Niger + 2 more

WFP Niger Brief: Reporting period: 01 October – 31 December 2015

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Summary of WFP assistance: WFP's assistance focuses on the vulnerable and very poor populations affected by food insecurity and high malnutrition. WFP currently provides food assistance through one protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO), two regional emergency operations and a special operation (SO) to manage the UN humanitarian air service programme.

WFP supports the government in implementing a multi-sectoral, integrated community based approach to household and community resilience aiming to reduce the impact of seasonal stresses and prevent a peak in acute malnutrition and mortality. The innovative integrated response comprises of food assistance for asset projects (through food and cash modalities), coupled with nutrition prevention and treatment activities, school meals and related programmes (such as school vegetable gardens and local milling and processing initiatives). Activities are implemented in the pre-and post-harvest period to assist rural communities in revitalising infrastructure, improving agricultural production and diversifying rural incomes. Activities are also linked to the promotion of local production and purchases. The joint government and WFP programming is geographically targeted and aimed at supporting the same vulnerable beneficiaries through a flexible combination of conditional and unconditional food assistance all year round. The sequenced assistance is necessary to protect achievements during the most difficult period over the year and build resilience over time.

The regional emergency operation (EMOP) supports Malian refugees and returnees in camps and hosting sites in areas of Niger, which were already chronically food insecure. WFP provides Targeted Food Assistance (TFA), through food and voucher modalities and Blanket Supplementary Feeding (BSF) to children 6-23 months.

Another EMOP provides flexible assistance through targeted food distributions and nutritional supplement for children aged 6- 59 months and pregnant women and nursing mothers to an increasing number of refugees and returnees fleeing insecurity in northern Nigeria. WFP is providing a mixed flexible response assisting refugees in camps and to the displaced populations (refugees and returnees) and vulnerable host communities residing outside of the camps.

The United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) provides safe, efficient, and effective air transport to UN agencies, NGOs and donors. This enables implementation and oversight of humanitarian activities in areas affected by insecurity and poor road infrastructure.