1) Further to heavy rainfalls amid an above-average rainy season, severe and extensive flooding is affecting over 340,000 persons in all regions of the country, including the capital city of Niamey. 46 people are believed to have lost their lives due to floods. Emergency relief operations are ongoing.
2) On Week 32 (6 to 12 August 2012), admissions to therapeutic feeding centres have reached unprecedented levels since the beginning of the year. As of 12 August, 201,745 under-five children have been admitted to therapeutic feeding centres for severe acute malnutrition (SAM), while another 272,018 have been receiving treatment for moderate acute malnutrition (MAM).
3) Provisional figures from the national nutrition survey (with SMART methods) of July 2012 reveal a global acute malnutrition rate in children 6-59 months of 14.8 percent nationwide. Out of eight regions in the country, four exceed the WHO emergency threshold of 15 percent.
4) The cholera epidemic continues to spread: a cumulative total of 3530 cases and 75 deaths since the beginning of the year with a case fatality rate of 2.1 percent.
5) The deterioration of the security situation in northern Mali is resulting in a constant flow of refugees to Niger, the number of officially recorded refugees has now reached a total of 56,100 in refugee camps and other sites close to the Malian border.
6) As of 19 August 2012, 1,182,191 cases of malaria have been registered. With the rainy season at its peak, numbers may increase and might reach the 2010 level of more than 3 million cases. UNICEF has already supplied 1,400,000 of long lasting insecticide impregnated mosquito nets (LLIN); 600,000 are in stock and 1,100,000 are in the pipeline.
7) In the food security sector, in August, the humanitarian response has been intense: targeted food distributions of 40,000 tons of cereals to almost 2.5 million highly vulnerable families (WFP, Government) equivalent to 352,860 households; unconditional cash transfers to almost 1 million households (WFP, UNICEF, NGOs); massive blanket supplementary feeding aiming at 712,673 children aged 6-23 months and 237,089 lactating women.
8) The rainy season is now well underway and giving hope for good harvests in the coming months. Fresh grazing land for livestock is starting to alleviate food insecurity among herders and nomads. However, the excess of rainfalls is also a threat