Direct attacks by Boko Haram resulted in violence against local communities (village chiefs, civilians, including young boys and girls reported to have been attacked or abducted).
UNICEF co-funded the provision of NFI assistance to 489 displaced households in Toumour, in partnership with IRC and as part of an in-kind contribution to the Rapid Response Project implemented in the Diffa region, bringing UNICEF overall NFI support in 2017 to 3,579 families with IRC and 500 with the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Relief
UNICEF overall response to the 2017 floods included: 5,883 households (553 in November in Tahoua region) reached through Non-Food Items (NFI); 1,195 students through school rehabilitation in Tillabéry and Dosso region; 16,419 households in Dosso, Tillabéry and Agadez regions through the distribution of household-water treatment products; to 116,102 people (64,474 in November) through sensitization sessions on cholera prevention; and 35,699 people through the disinfection of 123 wells in Agadez and Dosso.
As of end of November (week 48), UNICEF and partners admitted 305,973 children under 5 years suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) to health facilities across the country (so far reaching 99% of the 2017 target)
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
In November, the context in Niger was marked by several simultaneous crises. In the Diffa region, the ongoing conflict continues to register attacks, protection abuses and population displacements. At the border with Mali the emergency status is still in place and the G5 Sahel multi-national military force with troops from Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Chad and Burkina Faso was set up and commenced operations. So far, no population movements have been registered. Under the leadership of OCHA, an Inter-Agency Contingency Plan was finalised in case of massive population displacements. The hepatitis E outbreak continues in the Diffa region, but the number of cases registered continues to decrease. The rainy season is finished, while multi-sectoral response is being finalised, including wash and education infrastructure rehabilitation.
A major constraint for the education sector in the Diffa region continues to be the lack of teachers, following the assessment of 60,979 teachers in July/August by the Ministry of Education (MoE) in the country, which led to the dismissal of 783 teachers out of 2,940 in Diffa. The Regional Directorate for Education (DREP) informed the Education Working Group in Diffa that the Minister for Education decided to introduce multi-grade classes and recruit 348 additional teachers to fill the gap.
While the agricultural season was positive, according to the estimates of the harmonised framework for food security in Niger, some 301,000 people are still food insecure in the country in the period October – December 2017, and if appropriate actions are not taken on time, in 2018 almost 800,000 people might risk to fall into a food crisis.