On March 3rd, the government of Niger declared state of emergency in five (5) departments of Tillabery region, and in two (2) departments of Tahoua region, bordering Mali.
On March 15th and 24th, UNICEF participated in rapid interagency missions to 3 departments (Tillabery, Banibangou and Ouallam) under state of emergency, which confirmed the seriousness of the security situation.
In Diffa region Boko Haram attacked and looted the health centre of Boudoum on March 19th, and the 20th attacked the site of Garin Dogo, with 1 person killed.
54,190 children under 5 years suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted in health facilities for therapeutic care across the country (21.9% of the estimated 2017 caseload).
At the end of March, Niger recorded 1,335 cases of Meningitis and 88 deaths, a cumulative lethality of 6.6%. A response campaign is being prepared by the Ministry of Public Health with the support of partners including UNICEF.
6,439,181 children (100% of targeted) vaccinated against polio, during the vaccination campaign organized from 25th to 28th March. This included 27,991 displaced children reached in Diffa region.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Simultaneous humanitarian crises continue to have a major impact on children and families in Niger in 2017, according to the Humanitarian Needs Overview analysis. Five major crises are expected to affect 1.9 million people in Niger, including malnutrition crisis (247,500 children affected by SAM nationwide), population movements (302,000 people in displacement in Diffa and 200,000 migrants in transit), epidemics (766,000 people expected to be affected), floods (106,000 people) and food security (1.3 million). In partnership with government and NGOs, and through multisector and coordinated efforts, UNICEF continues to provide assistance to the most vulnerable populations immediately after a shock, as well as longer terms interventions for more durable solutions.
On March 3rd the government of Niger declared a 15 days state of emergency in 7 departments of 2 regions (Tillabery and Tahoua) bordering Mali, and reconfirmed it then for 3 additional months. The decision followed the escalation of security accidents in the two regions with involvement of militants affiliated to violent extremist armed groups based in Mali. The two most recent incidents, 22 nd of February and March 7 th had caused 15 and 7 casualties within the Armed Forces. The extremist militants have also reportedly threatened school teachers and local communities in several localities
On March 15th and 24th , UNICEF participated in rapid interagency missions in 3 departments (Tillabery, Banibangou and Ouallam) under state of emergency , that confirmed the impact of the security context as well as of the security measures on access to basic socio-economic services, access to water for humans and herds and social cohesion.
At the end of March, Niger recorded 1,335 cases of Meningitis and 88 deaths, a cumulative lethality of 6.6%. The Niamey 2 district is epidemic, as well as a few health areas in the regions of Dosso, Tahoua and Tillabéri. A response campaign is being prepared by the Ministry of Public Health with the support of partners including UNICEF. In addition, UNICEF provided 36 450 vials of 1G of Ceftriaxone to the Ministry for case management, which contribute largely to the availability of Ceftriaxone in all regions.