▪ Following attacks by non-state armed groups (NSAG) in Tankadima et Kongotchiré (Ayerou municipality), 278 families arrived in the IDP sites of Tagoujel and Eeza in Abala department, Tillaberi region, in February 2019.
▪ In February the attack to Baga military base in Nigeria, which had already caused displacements in January, caused an additional wave of displacement. Out of the 302 families newly displaced, 128 fled to Garin Wanzam and 174 to Kindjandi in Gueskérou municipality, Diffa region.
▪ In February 2019, the Rapid Response Mechanism-RRM (ACF, ACTED,
DRC, IRC, the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Relief - MAH / GC, OCHA, UNICEF and WFP), conducted 2 multisectoral assessments (MSA) in site of Kindajandi, Diffa and site of Kongotche. The RRM also provided assistance through non-food items (NFI) to 4,372 families, shelter (2,011 families), food aid (14,050 people), and WASH (9,350 people) in 3 regions (Diffa, Tillabery and Tahoua)
▪ In February, Niger reported 1996 measles cases with 8 deaths, and 142 cases of meningitis with 11 deaths. Several health districts are in epidemic. UNICEF is providing the Ministry of Public Health with measles vaccines and supporting the organisation of vaccine responses.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
1.26 million children in need of humanitarian assistance in Niger
2.3 million people in need (OCHA, Humanitarian Response Plan Niger, 2019)
380,166 Children affected by SAM nationwide (OCHA, Humanitarian Response Plan Niger, 2019)
34,469 Internally displaced children in Tillabery / Tahoua, out of 62,671 Internally displaced people in Tillabery / Tahoua (cluster protection, 28/02/19)
69,393 Internally displaced children in Diffa, out of 104,288 Internally displaced people in Diffa (DREC, July 2018, covering 97 sites)
UNICEF Appeal 2019 US$ 45.9 million
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
According to the 2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO), 2.3 million people in Niger need humanitarian assistance, including 1.3 million children. The needs analysis shows the persistence of five major crises affecting the country: food insecurity (1.5 million people estimated in need), malnutrition (1.8 million people), epidemics (600,000 children), floods (170,000 people) and population movements due to conflict or migration (478,000 people).
As of 28th of February 2019, 62,671 displaced people were reported in the Tillaberi (44,540 people) and Tahoua (18,131 people) region.
On February 15th and 16th an interagency mission was carried out in the departments at the border with Burkina Faso, to evaluate the direct consequences of the emergency measures (curfew, ban on motorbikes, some market closure) and assess the major humanitarian needs. UNICEF actively participated in the mission on both axes through the emergency focal points of the different sectors: Health, Education, Child Protection and WASH. While no population movements were registered in the departments bordering Burkina Faso, the fragile security context and the application of the emergency measures increased the existing structural vulnerability of these remote regions, to a degree which varies according to the department and the sector. The final report is going to be validated by the Humanitarian Country Team.
The forthcoming funding by the CERF Under Funded, will also address the most urgent vulnerabilities identified, given that it will be focused on Tillabery and Tahoua.