Nine security incidents were registered in Diffa in December, including attacks by ex- Boko Haram and the kidnapping of nine people (including one infant). The attacks caused a movement of 583 households towards 2 spontaneous sites.
Children in Diffa are confronted with continuous attacks. In December one classroom was burned down, with learning materials looted; one young girl was kidnapped, which triggered the closing down of three local schools with 450 students (262 girls).
RRM/NFI support (UNICEF/IRC) was provided to conduct one Multi-Sectoral Assessment (MSA) for new arrivals in Garin Wanzam site, and assistance to 377 households in WOR site, bringing the total of UNICEF/IRC RRM 2016 assistance to 6,376 households.
360,049 children under 5 suffering from SAM have been admitted in health facilities for therapeutic care across the country (89.8% of the expected 2016 caseload), including 44,947 cases with medical complications for care in in-patient facilities (IPF) in 44 hospitals (week 51).
At the end of December, Niger has recorded 397 suspected cases of the Rift Valley fever (36% among children between 1 - 14 years old), with a case fatality rate of 8.6%. UNICEF supports a communication plan currently being implemented by an NGO partner, targeting 50,000 people from 35 villages at risk.
A total of 1,969 cases of meningitis have been reported as of the end of December throughout the country, including 4 new cases in December. In preparation of the forthcoming epidemic season, UNICEF provided 36,450 vials of Ceftriaxone 1g to the Ministry of Health
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Simultaneous humanitarian crises had a major impact on affected children and families in Niger in 2016. These included displacement caused by insecurity and attacks from Boko Haram, affecting particularly the Diffa and Tillabery regions. In addition, several epidemics and outbreaks, including cholera, measles, meningitis and the Rift Valley Fever impacted populations in several regions. Food insecurity and spikes in malnutrition nationwide remained a concern throughout the year. An estimated 360,000 children were affected by severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Flooding affected over 100,000 people in various regions. After the major attacks in June 2016 on Bosso, which caused the massive displacement of nearly 70,000 people in just a few days, the Diffa region currently hosts 241,5601 IDPs, refugees and returnees—including an estimated 160,734 children—scattered across nearly 100 spontaneous sites. While attacks and population displacements continue to occur in the region, return-movements have also been recorded, particularly to Bosso, and as a consequence the humanitarian community is confronted with a context in which more long-term interventions, infrastructures and strategies need to increasingly accompany humanitarian interventions across all sectors. UNICEF continues to work in the provision of emergency assistance within the context of broader longer-term sectoral strategies, in partnership with government, humanitarian and development actors, alongside continued advocacy with partners, government and donors for an increased focus on longer-term strategies and investments.