Two health districts are affected by a meningitis epidemic; 11 are affected by measles.
44 per cent of households interviewed in Diffa during February need immediate food assistance.
One quarter of Niger’s population is living in areas affected by a cereal deficit this year.
Meningitis and measles cases increase
Following the vaccination campaigns in 2010 and 2011 against meningitis caused by the meningococcal A, no cases from this serogroup have been recorded. However, a resurgence of meningitis cases has been recorded this year. An increase in measles cases was also observed in several regions. 345 meningitis cases registered. Health facilities recorded 345 cases of meningitis, including 45 deaths (case fatality rate of 15 per cent) from 1 January to 29 March. These cases were recorded in all regions except Diffa. The two health districts that have reached the epidemic threshold are in Niamey (Niamey 2) and Dosso (Dogondoutchi in the health district of Maikalgo), where 80 per cent of the cases were recorded.
2,041 measles cases registered
According to the Ministry of Public Health (MSP), 2,041 cases of measles, including two deaths (case fatality rate of 0.1 per cent), were recorded from 1 January to 29 March. About 71 per cent of people affected are between 0 and four years, and 20 per cent are between 5 and 14 years. These cases were reported in all eight regions of Niger. However, epidemic outbreaks are identified in 11 of the country’s 44 health districts. Zinder region is the most affected, with 77 per cent of cases.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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