A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In the night of Saturday 26 to Sunday 27 August 2017, continuous rain resulted in extensive flooding, destruction of houses and loss of household belongings in several areas of Niger. The floods affected all the eight administrative regions of the country, including Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey, Tahoua, Tillabery and Zinder. According to the rapid assessment carried out by the NRCS and the government officials (directorate of the Civil Protection), at least 10,313 households (84,427 people) have been affected, with 8,158 houses destroyed completely and 1,064 houses partially destroyed. It has been reported that 44 people have been killed and many others injured, which have been referred to the national hospital of Niamey for better treatment. Further, the flood has devastated at least 1,706 hectares of agricultural land with crops and 145,115 kgs of stored food washed out by water. In addition, 253 small ruminants, 4,119 cattle heads and 500 chickens have been washed away by the water.
Detailed report provided by the Directorate of Civil Protection at the Ministry of the Interior indicated that in Agadez, 745 kg of food have been devastated, 99 walls collapsed and 4 latrines submerged by water, several personal belongings carried away by water, 299 houses partially destroyed, 84 houses completely destroyed, 503 wells submerged by water. In Diffa, a classroom has collapsed and many personal belongings carried away. In Dosso, 5 ha of agricultural farm were devastated and one shop has collapsed. In Maradi, 4 granaries, seven Classrooms, and 300 kgs of fertilizers washed away. In Tahoua, at least 59 granaries, 60 shops, 76 walls and 4 classrooms were destroyed. In Tillabery, 36 walls, a Mosque, 4 granaries, 299 houses partially destroyed, 20 bags of sugar washed away. In Zinder, 9 wells submerged by floods water, and a bag of tomato carried away.
As of the 30 August 2017, the displaced populations are being hosted by other family members however, some are living in the open air and in the schools of the affected areas, increasing their exposure to the extreme weather conditions, as well as their risk to communicable and respiratory diseases. In addition, water and sanitation infrastructures have been submerged; and contaminated, increasing the risk of spread of waterborne diseases such as cholera. It is expected that the situation will worsen, as the Niger meteorological department has forecasted that the rains will continue. Therefore, an immediate response to support the needs of the affected populations is required. The DREF seeks CHF 234,666 to assist 5,600 people in shelter, WASH and non-food items for 3 months.