Niger

Niger: Floods (Maradi, Zinder and Dosso Regions) Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF Operation Update 1 n° MDRNE020

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This update is requesting a no-cost one month timeframe extension (New end date: 12 January 2018) to enable completion of distribution of NFI and shelter kits. Indeed, procurement was delayed by administrative formalities at the Niger Customs, since the needed NFI/ Shelter tool kits were requested from the IFRC warehouse in Las Palmas (Spain), in collaboration with the Regional Logistic Unit and the Sahel CCST Logistic Officer. The items (NFI/ Shelter Kits) reached Niger on 29 November 2017, but since they were not all included in the list of authorized items of the Customs, IFRC trucks were blocked at the border with Burkina Faso. Niger RCS and IFRC were able to solve these difficulties after an “ad hoc” meeting held at the Ministry of Planning on 07 December 2017, where authorization was granted to enter these items into Niger as of 08 December 2017. Furthermore, due to previous problems between IFRC and the Niger Customs Unit (car fleet registration problems), IFRC anticipated and decided to “donate” these items to Niger Red Cross Society. Indeed, these items were supposed to be sent to the IFRC Niger Country Office for handover to NS, however, Niger Customs administrative procedures delayed the delivery of items (Tarpaulins, shelter tool kits, blankets, and Long-Lasting Mosquito bet nets) to IFRC thus items have been directly sent to NS on the field for distribution to be conducted.

A. SITUATION ANALYSIS

Description of the disaster

On the night of Saturday 26 to Sunday 27 August 2017, continuous rain resulted in extensive flooding, destruction of houses and loss of household belongings in several parts of Niger. The floods affected all the eight administrative regions of the country, including Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey, Tahoua, Tillabery and Zinder. According to the rapid assessment carried out by the Niger Red Cross Society (NRCS) and the Government officials (Directorate of Civil Protection), as of 20th October 2017, at least 29,551 households (206,513 people) had been affected, with 12,000 houses destroyed. It was equally reported that 56 people had been killed and many others injured and thereafter referred to the national hospital of Niamey for treatment. In addition to the human casualties, the flood devastated at least 9,804 hectares of agricultural land with crops and some 145,115 kgs of stored food was washed out by water. More so, 16,048 animals, including small ruminants, cattle & camel heads and chickens, perished due to the flood.

Detailed report provided by the Directorate of Civil Protection at the Ministry of Interior indicated that in Agadez, 745 kg of food have been devastated, 99 walls collapsed, and four latrines submerged by water. Several personal belongings have equally been carried away by water, 299 houses partially destroyed, 84 houses destroyed, and 503 wells have been submerged by water. In Diffa, a classroom has collapsed and many personal belongings carried away. In Dosso, 5 hectares of agricultural farm were devastated and one shop collapsed. In Maradi, four granaries, seven Classrooms, and 300 kgs of fertilizers washed away. In Tahoua, at least 59 granaries, 60 shops, 76 walls and four classrooms have been destroyed. In Tillabery, 36 walls, a Mosque, four granaries, 299 houses partially destroyed, 20 bags of sugar washed away. In Zinder, nine wells submerged by floods water, and a bag of tomato carried away. The map below indicates the floods affected areas in the country