TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES OBSERVED REGARDING MIGRATION TO, FROM AND WITHIN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
Kouri mine and intra-regional movements
During the months of May and June 2017, approximately 4,000 individuals transited through the Flow Monitoring Point in Kouri and headed to Kalait. The city of Kouri is located in the Tibesti region, near the border with Libya. Most of these individuals were likely mine workers coming back from the northern area of Chad.
Following the closure of the border with Libya, Chadian officials ordered individuals working in gold mine sites in Kouri and its neighbouring localities to leave the area without delay. Authorities indicated that this action was taken in order to strengthen the security situation in the area and prevent illegal mine extraction activities.
A survey was conducted of Nigerian migrants traveling along the central Mediterranean route between June and November of 2016 and February and July of 2017. The total sample included 1,759 interviews with Nigerian migrants (1,175 in 2016 and 584 in 2017). 75% were interviewed in Sicily, 9% in Apulia, 9% in Lombardy and the rest in Calabria, Friuli Venezia Giulia and Liguria. 48% of all Nigerians (50% in 2016 and 42% in 2017) stated that they had been forced to work or perform activities against their will. Male migrants reported to have been forced to work more often than female migrants (55% versus 26%).
Nearly all incidents of forced labour were reported to have taken place in Libya (98%), with the remainder in Niger, Nigeria and Algeria. Working as bricklayer other construction-related labour, farm work, cleaning and housekeeping were the most frequently mentioned occupations. Five Nigerian women reported to have been forced into sexual work and prostitution.
Since February 2016, flow monitoring of individuals has been conducted at two locations in the region of Agadez, Niger. This flow monitoring does not replace border monitoring nor does it claim to observe all migratory flows in the Agadez region.
In this quarter, the main migration flows in Niger are comprised of Nigerien, Nigerian, Malian and Guinean nationals. The majority of flows take place within Niger with individuals traveling within the country.
Compared to last quarter, with a major movement of individuals after the closure of the Djado mine, this quarter the daily individuals recorded crossing FMPs in Niger is quite stable. The use of private vehicles for transportation (61%) increased compared to the first quarter (21%).
It is worth noting that the majority of flows taking place in Niger are Nigerien nationals traveling within the country. There is also a consistent flow of Nigeriens traveling back and forth between Libya and Niger.