UNHCR Nicaragua Situation Fact Sheet (November 2018)
The rapid deterioration of the situation in Nicaragua since April 2018 has led to thousands of Nicaraguans to flee mounting political tensions, violence and serious human rights violations. The Permanent Commission on Human Rights (CPDH) has reported over 2,800 claims of human rights abuses including death threats, harassment and other types of violence perpetrated by armed groups who allegedly support the government. According to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IAHRC) (link), at least 317 people have been killed, more than 2,000 have been injured, and an unknown number have been detained. The IACHR also warned about the detention and criminalization of political and social leaders. Forced displacement is expected to continue, as no political solution is yet in sight.
- 21,517 asylum claims from Nicaraguans registered in North and Central America during 2018
- 3,000% increase in average asylum claims in Jun-Oct compared to Jan-May; though with an average 17% decrease per month since Aug.
- 18,632 of claims registered in Costa Rica (87%) 2 and 1,960 in Panama (9%)
- Approx. 10,000 persons scheduled to formally fill their claims in Costa Rica