Summary of WFP assistance: Responding to the 25 April 2015 earthquake, WFP reached two million people through its three-phase emergency operation. As the final phase moved to conditional assistance, a period of rehabilitation work on community assets (such as trails, shared water taps, public toilets) was completed in exchange for cash or food support. The EMOP was supported by UNHAS and a logistics coordination response, coordinated by the Logistics Cluster, both of which served the entire humanitarian community responding to earthquake-affected populations. UNHAS finished its operations as planned on 31 December 2015. The Logistics SO will continue into April 2016.
Nepal’s regular programmes under the Country Programme (CP) continued alongside the earthquake response. The CP, includes food assistance for assets (FFA), education support and nutrition support, and is complemented by Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) and Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) activities, both of which funded through trust funds. WFP supports the Government of Nepal in institutionalising the Nepal Food Security Monitoring System (NeKSAP) nationwide. NeKSAP’s work includes the integrated food security phase classification (IPC) and crop and market monitoring. Through the EPR project, WFP has been developing and augmenting government and stakeholder capacity in logistics and ICT for responding to any potential major disaster, like an earthquake, in the Kathmandu Valley. EPR activities will continue into 2016 with the introduction of a dedicated EPR SO in spring of 2016.
Food assistance to refugees from Bhutan currently aims to serve 23,500 people. WFP, with UNHCR, has laid out a targeting strategy, involving the review mechanism for inclusion in the list of vulnerable refugees, and ration reduction for non-vulnerable refugees as of January 2016. This will increase operational efficiency and work towards a more sustainable approach. Third-country resettlement of refugees is ongoing until the end of 2016. To date, 99,000 refugees have been resettled, accounting for 91 percent of the refugees recorded in 2008.