UNICEF Nepal Humanitarian Situation Report 7, 15 November 2017

Situation Report
Originally published



Heavy rains in mid-August 2017 caused significant flooding in the Terai region (southern plain areas of Nepal) and several landslides in the Hill areas. 161 people (25 of them children) lost their lives and 46 were injured. A total of 29 people are still missing. The floods displaced 21,391 families, and 41,893 homes in 26 districts were totally damaged. The flood and inundation caused heavy loss in housing, health, education, agriculture, livestock, irrigation, transport, water and sanitation and energy sectors, and the total cost for recovery is estimated to be US$697 million according to the government’s Post Flood Recovery Needs Assessment.

  • UNICEF supplies in WASH, Education, Health, and Child Protection worth more than US$562,082 have been dispatched to the 19 affected districts. So far, supplies have reached 55,000 families (368,272 people including 179,521 children).

  • There is still a funding gap of $10.53 million. Additional funds are required for the treatment of 15,000 severe acute malnutrition (SAM) cases and nearly 400,000 people are yet to be reached for their WASH needs.

  • Of the 10,257 children aged 6 to 59 months screened for malnutrition, 6 per cent were identified with SAM and 17.1 per cent with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). SAM treatment is currently ongoing for 2,800 children aged 6 to 59 months.

  • Loss of civil documentation (birth registration, citizenship documents, land certificates, etc.) poses an obstacle to access essential services and compensation

Situation in Numbers

Total affected population:
1.7 million

Total affected children (<18 years):

Total people to be reached in 2017:

Total children to be reached in 2017:

UNICEF Appeal 2017
U$$13.55 million

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

The three-day incessant rainfall in the second week of August 2017 caused significant floods in the Terai region and several landslides in the Hill areas, impacting lives, livelihoods and infrastructure in 36 of the country’s 75 districts. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), 161 people (51 female and 110 male) died. Of these, 25 children (16 of them boys) died in 10 flood-affected districts. A total of 41,893 homes were totally damaged and a further 158,758 were partially damaged. So far, 21,391 families (102,524 people) have been displaced due to floods and landslides. Flooding and inundation caused widespread destruction of crops, livestock and fishery, which could further compromise food security in the Terai. Nepal Food Security Monitoring System (NeKSAP) estimated US$97 million worth of loss of livestock and its products; US$26 million of fishery, and US$15 million of crops and agricultural produce. Initial rapid nutrition screening in 18 districts (9,000 children) revealed a Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate of 23.1 per cent – well above the ‘critical’ level (15 per cent and above) defined by WHO for emergency situation. UNICEF and partners have been responding to provide supplementary feeding to children (6 to 23 months), pregnant and lactating women in 13 flood-affected districts, and also treating children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 11 nutrition rehabilitation homes in seven flood-affected districts. Five additional districts are now being added to provide treatment for children with SAM.

Flood waters also destroyed US$9.5 million worth of water supply schemes and around US$2 million sanitation facilities. UNICEF and partners continue to rehabilitate water supply systems and sanitation facilities and promote hygiene behaviour, and have distributed life-saving WASH supplies to 404,837 people, but they have yet to reach nearly 400,000 more affected people.

Education of nearly 240,00 students in 37 districts had been disrupted due to floods, and many of the schools had turned into shelters. A total of 28 school buildings were damaged, and 205 classrooms collapsed and another 707 classrooms were partially damaged. Similarly 610 toilets in schools have been damaged, 83 of them fully damaged. Although education was resumed in these schools, teaching and learning process has again faced disruption due to local elections. Schools remain closed during elections as many of them are used as polling booths and most teachers are deployed as polling officers. The same situation will be repeated in November during the provincial and parliamentary elections. Health services, which also suffered a setback with partial damage to nearly 100 health facilities has picked up. Over 40,000 children aged 9 to 23 months received measles and rubella (MR) vaccine in September, and about 30,000 pregnant women and over 313,000 children will be vaccinated by the end of the year.

The National Planning Commission (NPC) has conducted a Post Flood Recovery Need Assessment whose report is set to be published in the latter half of November. According to its draft, the total cost for recovery is estimated to be US$697 million. As per the decision of the Central Natural Disaster Relief Committee (CNDRC), the government has formed a Task Force to develop a prototype of flood-and fire-resistant homes. The government has been disbursing NRs 70 (equivalent to US$0.68) per person per day to families whose houses have been destroyed. MoHA has so far released NRs 98.5 million (approximately US$945,ooo) to the 27 affected districts through District Administration Offices.