Highlights of the operations update
• Relief distributions supported by this appeal have been completed. Reconciliation process is underway for validating the number of people reached. So far, not all distribution data has been received from the districts.
• Post distribution monitoring (PDM) field exercise for the response phase of the floods operation has been completed and data analysis is underway.
• A post floods recovery needs assessment (PFRNA) led by the National Planning Commission (NPC) was conducted in November 2017 and report has been shared widely. Click here to access the detailed assessment report.
• The implementation of planned early recovery operation has been hugely delayed due to political (September, November and December elections) and social (festival period in October) situations.
• Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) floods management team conducted a pre-assessment in seven districts targeted for recovery phase of the floods operation under this Emergency Appeal. Based on the findings from this pre-assessment as well as PFRNA, the Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) and budget will be revised and adjusted accordingly in reflecting the current needs. The revision document will be expected by early January 2018.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Nepal experienced incessant rainfall between 11 and 14 August 2017, resulting in widespread floods across 31 of the country’s 75 districts. The floods have affected a total of 1.7 million people. The number of people who were reported as dead was 149 and recorded injuries were 134 people.
More than 190,000 houses were fully destroyed or partially damaged, displacing many people and rendering others homeless. People lived in temporary shelters or migrated temporarily. Along with the house, household assets and food grains were damaged by the floods. The affected communities faced shortage of food, water and non-food items. Many suffered infections from contaminated water. Crops were lost in a large area of agricultural land.
The affected people have tried to cope with the situation. Many families evacuated from their homes and moved to community centers. As houses were damaged on a large scale, families faced a pressing need for emergency shelter assistance. Schools were used as temporary shelters. The displaced population and a portion of the affected also needed basic household items, as these were lost to or damaged by the floodwaters. In many areas, the families also coped with disrupted water supplies, and poor access to sanitation facilities.
Providing safe drinking water and household toilets were among the most important priorities. As standing crops, seed stock, farm tools were badly affected, households needed immediate support for resuming agriculture.
The Central Natural Disaster Relief Committee (CNDRC) meeting resolved to conduct a detailed assessment of the needs of the affected people after the passing of the floods. The post floods recovery needs assessment (PFRNA) was led by the Government of Nepal’s National Planning Commission (NPC) in coordination with the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) and other line ministries. The objective of the assessment was to estimate the effects and impact of 2017 floods that affected the Terai Region6 and identify recovery needs. The assessment will help the Government of Nepal and other key stakeholders (including NRCS) to develop a recovery programme to support the people affected by the floods. Some of the key highlights of the findings and proposed interventions are included under the “needs analysis and scenario planning” section.