Nepal

Nepal: Monsoon Floods and Landslides - Emergency Plan of Action n° MDRNP009 Operations Update n° 5

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Situation Report
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Summary of modifications from revised Emergency Plan of Action

This update informs on the extension of the operation for four months, until 30 April 2019. The extension seeks to complete construction of three community evacuation centres and a final evaluation to allow smooth closure of the recovery phase as outlined in the plan of action. More detailed information for the extension is given in the “Highlights of the operation” part below.
The final report will be issued on 31 July 2019 to reflect the overall achievements. All activities and numbers of people reached will remain the same as in the current plan of action.

Description of the disaster

Heavy rainfall between 11 to 14 August 2017 caused widespread floods across 31 of the country’s 75 districts that had affected more than 1.7 million people. The impact of the floods and landslides is presented in the infographics. Immediate humanitarian needs in the form of supporting shelter items, food, safe water and health service were clearly seen as gaps in the affected areas.
Although access to affected communities was challenging, NRCS together with the support of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement partners was able to conduct immediate relief distributions and first aid service to the affected population, through the mobilization of its wide network of volunteers in the community. Detailed information on the impact and the Red Cross response is available in the 1-year consolidated operation update issued in October 2018.

Major highlights of the operation update:

  1. The relief distribution phase of flood operation was completed in November 2017. Immediately after the end of the relief activities in November, IFRC together with NRCS carried out a post-distribution monitoring (PDM) in nine districts (Jhapa, Sunsari, Udayapur, Saptari, Siraha, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Rautahat, and Bardiya). The PDM was useful to measure the satisfaction level of people reached by NRCS during the relief phase of the operation and lessons learnt captured.

  2. The recovery activities of the floods and landslides operation are defined in accordance with findings from preEmergency Plan of Action operation update Bangladesh: Floods Emergency Plan of Action Operation Update Nepal: Floods and Landslides assessment visits conducted by NRCS and IFRC, PFRNA (Post Flood Recovery Needs Assessment) conducted by National Planning Commission (NPC), Government of Nepal. Also, the findings from the PDM were referred during the recovery planning process.

  3. This operation update provides an overview of consolidated achievements delivered against key indicators of the recovery interventions. It also highlights delayed tender process to start the construction of three community evacuation centres in Udayapur, Sunsari and Siraha districts. As a result, this activity will be continued until extended appeal timeframe of 30 April 2019. NRCS completed the tender process for Udayapur and Sunsari district after Dashain and Tihar festival is over in November 2018. However, for remaining one district (Siraha) the tender process is expected to be finalized by late December 2018. Although, tender process was initiated for all three districts at the same time, for Siraha, the single bid received was unacceptable as per NRCS’s standard administrative and procurement policy. NRCS re-tendered contract for Siraha evacuation centre, in late November 2018. Furthermore, the initial approach for the construction was through a Community Construction Committee. However, the establishment of the construction committee involves a long process under the new federal structure. Taking this into consideration, the evacuation centre will now be constructed by engaging a private contractor. This means additional tax amount as per government rule must be factored into the overall budget.

  4. The Nepal Red Cross Society and IFRC Country Office have started planning for a final evaluation. An independent external consultant will be engaged to assess the appropriateness and effectiveness of IFRC and NRCS systems and processes in supporting and implementing the operation, focusing on shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH), livelihoods and construction of the community evacuation centres.
    The evaluation will have a particular focus on the cash transfer modality for response and recovery programmes in Nepal context, and how this capacity can be strengthened. The outcome of the evaluation will guide NRCS in ongoing as well as future operations and contribute to broader Red Cross Red Crescent learning, particularly to better address needs in emergency, relief and recovery, considering long-term impact and sustainability.