Nepal: Monsoon Floods and Landslides - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) n° MDRNP009 (Revised)

Situation Report
Originally published
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Summary of major changes (from initial Emergency Plan of Action):

  • Appeal timeframe has been extended for four months until 31 December 2018

  • Number of targeted families for the relief phase has been reduced from 16,200 families (81,000 people) to 15,000 families (75,000 people) in 31 districts.

  • Number of targeted families for the recovery phase is 7,000 families (35,000 people)1 from 7 districts.

  • Based on the current needs of the targeted population, activities in the recovery phase have been adjusted accordingly.

  • The overall budget of the Appeal has been revised from CHF 3,531,719 to CHF 2,962,956. The revised budget reflects the amendment of relief and recovery activities as well as the available funding.

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster Nepal experienced incessant rainfall between 11 and 14 August 2017, resulting in widespread floods across 31 of the country’s 75 districts. According to the Nepal Red Cross Society assessment report of 7 September 2017, the floods affected over 1.7 million people in 31 districts. The number of people reported dead was 149, recorded injuries were 134 people2 and 27 people missing. In total, 352,744 families (1,763,720 people) have been affected, of which 92,216 families (461,080 people) displaced. According to the initial rapid assessment conducted by NRCS for 31 districts, some 64,997 houses were completely destroyed and 144,973 houses partially damaged3 . Livestock and agriculture lands along with the crops that were ready to harvest were also lost due to the floods.

Access to the affected districts as well as communities remained the greatest challenge one month after the floods due to high level of inundation that cut off road access. Communities in districts remained submerged in flood waters for up to 15 days. The relief teams faced challenges in conducting assessments, rescue operations and relief distributions due to difficulty in accessing the affected areas during the initial period.

The situation improved gradually when flood waters started to drain out of the community and families returned to their homes. Health services in public facilities also resumed.

The monsoon floods impacted the lives and livelihoods of people in 31 districts: Panchthar, Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Saptari, Udayapur, Siraha, Dhanusha, Mahottari, Sindhuli, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara, Parsa, Makawanpur, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Chitwan, Nawalparasi, Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, Palpa, Arghakhanchi, Surkhet, Bajura, Darchula, Dailekh, Banke, Bardiya, Dang and Kailali4 .
Five of the current flood affected districts were also affected by the 2015 earthquake (Sindhuli, Makawanpur, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur and Udayapur). Additionally, four of the current flood affected districts (Banke, Bardiya, Surkhet and Darchula) were affected by large scale flooding in 2014, and the impact of the current floods could exacerbate preexisting social and economic disparities. Some of the affected districts are among the lowest scoring on the Human Development Index (HDI) in the country in terms of education, health, gender equality and low social mobilization.
The post floods recovery needs assessment (PFRNA) report of December 2017 classified the flood affected districts as follows:

• Severely affected districts (18): Kailali, Bardiya, Banke, Dang, Nawalparasi, Chitwan, Makawanpur, Parsa, Bara,
Rautahat, Sarlahi, Mahottari, Dhanusha, Siraha, Saptari, Sunsari, Morang and Jhapa.

• Affected districts (6): Surkhet, Kapilvastu, Rupandehi, Palpa, Sindhuli and Udayapur.