Nepal

Nepal - Humanitarian Assistance Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2008

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated September 30, 2007.

BACKGROUND AND KEY DEVELOPMENTS

According to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the conflict of 1996-2006 between the Government of Nepal (GON) and the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M) caused an estimated 13,000 deaths. Relief agencies report that the conflict displaced an estimated 200,000 people.

OCHA estimates that between 50,000 and 70,000 people remain displaced by conflict in Nepal, as well as approximately 130,000 refugees, including 107,000 long-term refugees from Bhutan.

Heavy monsoon rains in August resulted in flooding in southeastern Nepal that displaced more than 70,000 people, according to OCHA. In September, heavy rains in mid-western and far western Nepal caused floods and landslides that displaced an estimated 180,000 people, OCHA reported.

On April 10, 2008, Nepal held the first post-conflict elections for the constituent assembly. The CPN-M received the most votes but did not win a majority. On May 28, the constituent assembly voted to abolish the monarchy, and King Gyanendra stepped down. In subsequent constituent assembly votes, Ram Baran Yadav of the socialist Nepal Congress party was elected president and CPN-M leader Prachanda (Pushpa Kamal Dahal) was elected prime minister. On September 5, the constituent assembly met for the first time after the formation in August and early September of a coalition government of six parties, including CPN-M.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Total deaths caused by conflict since 1996 13,000 OCHA - February 2007
Total IDPs1 displaced by conflict since 1996 200,000 IDMC2 - October 2006
IDPs remaining displaced by conflict 50,000-70,000 OCHA - June 2008
Refugees in Nepal 130,000 OCHA - January 2008
Residents displaced by floods More than 250,000 OCHA - September 2008

FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Nepal - $3,933,658

USAID/FFP3 Assistance to Nepal - $18,832,900

State/PRM4 Assistance to Nepal - $2,620,000

Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Nepal - $25,386,558

CURRENT SITUATION

While the end of the conflict and the subsequent inclusion of CPN-M in the political process have greatly reduced violence, occasional violence between CPN-M supporters and supporters of other parties continues to occur in outlying areas. According to OCHA, inter-communal and inter-party tensions in the southern lowland Terai regions are particularly acute, with the September 2007 riots causing displacement.

OCHA reports ongoing security incidents, including killings, abductions, extortion, and explosions around the country, threatening IDPs' ability to return home. Strikes in the Terai in February 2008, organized by groups calling for autonomy, led to violence, and OCHA reports that unidentified armed groups killed civilians in the Eastern Region in August 2008. In addition, roadblocks and strikes negatively impacted the delivery of aid following the flooding in southeastern Nepal.

MAP - USG Humanitarian Assistance to Nepal (as of 30 Sep 2008)