This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks 62.9 million Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) in delivering humanitarian assistance to 700,000 people (140,000 families) affected by the 25 April and 12 May 2015 earthquakes over 38 months (extended from 32 months). The operation focuses on health; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); livelihoods, nutrition, food security; shelter (including non-food items); restoring family links (RFL); disaster risk reduction (DRR) and National Society capacity building. All targets and activities have been updated to reflect the funds available. The overall budget includes 6.5 million Swiss francs for the deployment of emergency response units (ERUs) and 1.6 million Swiss francs for the deployment of a Shelter Cluster coordination team. Details are available in the IFRC Revised Emergency Plan of Action.
The disaster and the Red Cross Red Crescent response to date
25 April 2015: An earthquake measuring 7.9 magnitude on the Richter scale strikes area between Kathmandu and Pokhara. 500,000 Swiss francs is allocated from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) and IFRC alerts its global disaster response tools as well as surge capacity for immediate deployment to support the NRCS.
27 April 2015: An Emergency Appeal is launched seeking 33.4 million Swiss francs to support 75,000 people. The IFRC starts deploying global tools and surge to support the NRCS.
12 May 2015: A strong aftershock, measuring 7.3 magnitude on the Richter scale, strikes with its epicentre 76 km northeast of Kathmandu. It affects 32 districts, causes more deaths and injuries, and damages or destroys buildings and infrastructures.
14 May 2015: The NRCS response reaches 42,600 families (213,000 people) with non-food relief, emergency shelter and medical assistance, with more than 7,000 NRCS staff and volunteers mobilized. The NRCS response in country is supported by the IFRC, ICRC and National Societies of 25 countries from Americas, Asia Pacific, Europe and Middle East.
16 May 2015: The Emergency Appeal is revised to 84.9 Swiss francs million to support 700,000 people.
June – September 2015: Seasonal monsoon rains trigger landslides and floods, that exacerbate the living conditions of people who lost their homes due to the earthquake and hamper road and trail access, disrupting humanitarian aid delivery to some areas.
16 December 2015: The Earthquake National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) is established in December 2015.
February 2016: The real-time evaluation is completed and published.
June 2016: An Agreement between the NRCS and NRA is signed paving the way for the recovery operations.
4 August 2016: The Emergency Appeal is revised to be in line with reconstruction guidelines circulated by the NRA and to reflect the current humanitarian needs of the affected people.
6 September 2017: The Emergency Appeal is revised to 62.9 million Swiss francs to assist 700,000 people, where all targets and activities have been updated to reflect the funds available.