This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks 85 million Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) in delivering humanitarian assistance to 700,000 people (140,000 families) affected by the 25 April and 12 May 2015 earthquakes. This revision takes into account the amendment of budget lines to reflect the reconstruction guidelines circulated by the National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) of Nepal recently and the current humanitarian needs of the affected people. The overall budget includes CHF 6.5 million for the deployment of emergency response units (ERUs) and 1.6 million Swiss francs for the deployment of a Shelter Cluster coordination team. Partners and donors are encouraged to contribute to the funding gap of this Appeal – 26.5 million Swiss francs.
The disaster timeline
25 April 2015: An earthquake measuring 7.9 magnitude on the Richter scale stroke area between Kathmandu and Pokhara. NRCS activated its emergency response committee (ERC) and emergency operation centre (EOC). NRCS staff and volunteers immediately engaged in coordination, search and rescue activities, provision of first aid and distribution of nonfood relief items in affected areas. The Government of Nepal declared a state of emergency and called for international humanitarian assistance.
NRCS requested for IFRC support. 500,000 Swiss francs was allocated from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF). IFRC alerted its global disaster response tools (HEOPs, FACT, ERUs and RDRTs) as well as surge capacity for immediate deployment to support NRCS.
27 April 2015: Emergency Appeal was launched seeking 33.4 million Swiss francs to support 75,000 people. IFRC started deploying global tools and surge to support the NRCS.
28 April 2015: Surge teams and the global disaster response tools started arriving in Nepal. NRCS response intensified.
12 May 2015: A strong aftershock, measuring 7.3 magnitude on the Richter scale, stroke with its epicentre 76 km northeast of Kathmandu. It affected 32 districts, caused more deaths and injuries and damage or destroyed buildings and infrastructures.
14 May 2015: NRCS response had reached 42,600 families (213,000 people) with non-food relief, emergency shelter and medical assistance, with more than 7,000 NRCS staff and volunteers mobilized. The NRCS response in country is supported by IFRC, ICRC and National Societies of 25 countries from Americas, Asia Pacific, Europe and Middle East.
16 May 2015: Revised Emergency Appeal was issued for 84.9 Swiss francs million to support 700,000 people.
June – September 2015: Seasonal monsoon rains triggered landslides and floods, that exacerbated living conditions for people who lost their homes in the earthquake and hampered road and trail access, disrupting humanitarian aid delivery to some areas.
13 July 2015: Nearly 8,000 Red Cross volunteers have been mobilised to support 1.4 million people affected by the Nepal earthquake.
October – November 2015: Earthquake Seasonal Support package was developed with in-country movement partners to fit the seasonal response context in Nepal. This package acted as a reference for cash distribution planning.
16 December 2015: The Reconstruction of Earthquake Affected Structures bill was passed by the legislature parliament. The Earthquake National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) was established in December 2015.
December 2015 – January 2016: A total of 49,996 families were reached with a grant of Nepali Rupee (NPR) 10,000 per family through cash distributions.
January 2016: IFRC and NRCS have completed a massive emergency response operation that reached more than 620,000 people
February 2016: The NRA requested all organizations to stop housing reconstruction and associated plans until they were able to develop guidelines and sign agreements with partner organizations. The real-time evaluation (RTE) completed and published.
June 2016: Nepal Partnership meeting which was held on 7 to 8 June 2016. The completion and circulation of the 1-year Movement Wide Report. A movement Recovery Plan Draft has been agreed following this meeting and will be shared with partners in the coming weeks once finalized.
June 2016: An Agreement between NRCS and NRA was signed in early June paving the way for the recovery stage operations.