Nepal Earthquake: DREF operation n° MDRNP005

GLIDE n° EQ-2011-000136-NPL

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross and Red Crescent emergency response. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation’s disaster response system and increases the ability of National Societies to respond to disasters.

CHF 172,417 has been allocated from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies’ (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the National Society in conducting rapid assessments and in delivering immediate assistance to some 1,500 families.

Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.


On the evening of 18 September, Nepal was shaken by an earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale. The epicentre is known to be on the Nepal-India border of Taplejung district of Nepal and Sikkim state of India, with a depth of 19.7 km. Tremors were felt throughout Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Bangladesh.

The full extent of the damage is unclear at this stage as many areas remain inaccessible, due to their remote location as well as heavy rainfall and several landslides. The Government of Nepal does not anticipate a need for external assistance but has activated its National Emergency Operations Centre which has identified seven highly affected districts outside of Kathmandu, mainly in the areas close to the earthquake's epicentre. Based on initial reports from Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) district chapters, it is also known that some infrastructure damage has been sustained in over 17 districts of Nepal.

The current estimates of people affected are based on a variety of sources, including NRCS district chapters, government, UN and media. So far, eight deaths (three in Kathmandu), 89 people injured and structural damage to houses leaving over 430 families (approx 2,500 people) displaced, mainly in the eastern part of the country have been confirmed. It is expected that the numbers will increase in the coming days as isolated areas are reached.

NRCS national headquarters has activated its Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) and is in close contact with the district chapters to monitor the situation. District disaster response teams in many of the district chapters, as well as trained volunteers in sub-chapters, have been mobilized to assess damage and provide light search and rescue services. Their efforts have saved at least one life in Bhaktapur district chapter where one person was rescued from under the rubble. NRCS headquarters has already received a number of requests from district chapters for relief support for displaced families.
NRCS is also planning to deploy two assessment teams from NRCS headquarters to two districts closest to the epicentre, consisting of headquarters and district chapter personnel who have received national disaster response team training.

Based on the outcomes of the assessments, NRCS will immediately undertake a one-time distribution of non-food items (NFIs) to 1,500 affected families (approximately 9,000 people). The rationale for this initial number of NFI distribution is explained further below.
The funding from DREF will support the mobilization of NRCS personnel for damage and needs assessments, including equipment and travel as well as the in-country and/or external procurement for the replenishment of the distributed NFI stocks.

This operation is expected to be implemented over four months, and will therefore be completed by 21 January 2012, and a Final Report will be made available three months after the end of the operation (by 21 April 2012).