Nepal

Nepal Earthquake Assessment Unit: Monthly Situation Update 14 August 2015

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KEY DEVELOPMENTS

  • The monsoon season has led to the expected increase in landslides, particularly across the northern areas of Dolakha, Dhading, Gorkha, Rasuwa, and Sindhupalchok, causing casualties, displacement, and disrupted road access and aid delivery. Government-led and spontaneous evacuations continued throughout July, although many communities reportedly refused to leave due to concerns with the safety of temporary relocation sites and fears of losing their livelihoods. Based on historical data, the high frequency of landslides is expected to continue for at least one more month.

  • Monsoon rains have contributed to waterbourne disease outbreaks, with confirmed cases of cholera in the Kathmandu Valley, and salmonella and typhoid in Sindhupalchok in July and early August.

  • The need for winterisation planning is a growing concern. About 150,000 people reside in areas where the average January temperature is 5 degrees C or below. Shelter support, particularly for CGI and debris clearance, remains a high priority for affected populations. In addition, more durable shelter solutions are required, particularly since the post-monsoon season offers a limited window for reconstruction and preparedness before winter.

  • There is a discrepancy in the number of houses damaged (which is used as the basis for planning and provision of assistance), reported by district and central Government authorities. In some districts, the Government has been able to cover the gap when planned assistance efforts were inadequate; while in others, no additional resources have been forthcoming leaving gaps in aid.

  • On 13 August, the Government appointed Govinda Raj Pokharel from the National Planning Commission to lead the Reconstruction Authority. While humanitarian needs persist and the response is ongoing, the clusters are beginning to consider the transition to recovery, reconstruction, and (back) to their respective developmentoriented structures. Within this transitional period, it is critical that the system continues to address residual humanitarian needs.

  • Sexual and Gender Based Violence is of particular concern in spontaneous settlement sites, with incidents reported in Nuwakot, Rasuwa and Dolakha.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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