Nepal lies between India and China, the giant economically growing countries in the world. Although there are immense opportunities for development, Nepal is still recorded as one of the least developed countries in the globe. It is a country of highly diverse and rich geography, culture and religions. Following the comprehensive peace process, Nepal has been witnessing rapid changes in social and political sectors. The state is going through the constitution making process. It is expected to restructure socio-politico power structure that prevailed in the history since generations. There are hopes of improvements in addressing the issues of diversity, pluralism, gender, geography and social inclusion. The increasing trends of the youths going abroad for jobs and the rapid growth of urban population have emerged number of issues like water, health, sanitation, violence and unemployment problems in the urban setting.
Nepal is moving hard to materialize the system of federal republic. The Constituent Assembly (CA) is expected to promulgate the Constitution of Nepal by May 2011. However, Misunderstanding among the major political parties has caused doubts among the public for the logical end of the peace process and the finalizing the process of making the new constitution.
Because of the hazards and calamities, thousands of people are affected every year. Floods, landslides and diarrhea became major threats to life this year. Developmental activities happened to be less focused due to the urgent humanitarian need posed by rapid urbanization and migration. Thus the role of a humanitarian organization like Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) came on the board for more expanded and effective interventions. Meanwhile, the NRCS has been planning for a five year development plan (2011-2015) making it more compatible with the development plan of the Government of Nepal (GoN), in lieu with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and in compliance with the Strategy 2020 of the International Federation of the Red Cross Red Crescent Societies(the IFRC). As an auxiliary of the GoN in humanitarian affairs, the NRCS has focused its services on the current humanitarian challenges caused by disasters, support to the conflict affected people and on public health related issues.