Due to its location and variable climatic conditions, Nepal is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world and remains a priority for emergency preparedness and response. Every year, more than 1,000 people in Nepal are killed by landslides and floods during the monsoon season. According to the United Nations, Nepal is the 11th most vulnerable country to earthquakes, and Kathmandu the most at-risk city. In April 2015, central Nepal was struck by the most devastating earthquake in decades, which claimed close to 9,000 lives and destroyed more than half a million homes.
In August 2017, the worst rains in 15 years struck Nepal, triggering widespread large-scale flooding and landslides in 31 of the country’s 75 districts. Highly vulnerable to climate change, Nepal has already experienced temperature changes at a faster rate than the global average. Millions of Nepalese are estimated to be at risk from the impacts of climate change including reductions in agricultural production, food insecurity, strained water resources, loss of forests and biodiversity as well as damaged infrastructure.
Since its formation in 1963, Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) has been leading humanitarian assistance and community-based action in Nepal to help people in need during emergencies and peacetimes. In its auxiliary role to the government, it has grown to be the largest humanitarian entity in the field of disaster response and recovery in the country. It also leads and supports in the areas of disaster risk reduction (DRR), health and care, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH), first aid, gender equality and social inclusion.
In a two-year plan for 2019 and 2020, IFRC will focus on stregthening the organizational capacity NRCS with an aim to review and implement the recommendations of NRCS' Organizational Capacity Assessment Certification (OCAC) – an internal assessment tool, effective to measure the gaps that exists in any given Red Cross Red Crescent Movement’s capacity to deliver most current and relevant humanitarian assistance and ensure accountability of the National Societies.
NRCS will also be supported to enhance preparedness for emergency response and also stregthen its capacity in the areas of logistics, information management, and communication. Additionally, strategic and sustainable engagements will be scaled for Shelter Cluster Coordination, civil military relations and community-based disaster risk management. Through IFRC's coordination of an in-country integration agreement, there are 13 Red Cross Red Crescent partners in-country. All actors work in partnership with IFRC and NRCS either on bilateral, multilateral or consortium models.